Islamic Center Hamburg
Delicious facebook RSS Send To Friend Print Save Export XML Export text Export pdf
NewsID : 197566
Date of publication : 1/31/2019 12:38:00 AM
Visit Count : 30

Date: 07.12.2018

Cognition of Quran (11)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ, ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه.

f3409756c08a4372a957471cd01ee1ae.jpg

We talked about the Qur'an's answers to the first and second questions in the previous weeks, and this week we are going to point to the third question, where will I go after completing my life in this world? What will my fate be after death

 

This question has been in the minds of humans since the beginning of history, and each has given it an answer. Some people believe that a person who dies returns to another person's world, and each of us has lived and died in the face of another human being in this world, and this story repeatedly repeats and repeats itself to everyone. Some people believe that after death, everyone returns to the world in the form of animals. The secret of respecting animals like mice in certain cultures is the same thing and they think that these animals are our ancestors who have returned in this way, and other superstitious beliefs. What lies behind all these superstitious beliefs is that a human cannot believe that everything will be destroyed by death. Eternity and immortality are thing that everyone believes in. The same is said in the narrative from Prophet Muhammad, saying: " You have not been created to vanquish and destroy, but to survive and eternity, and you move to another home by dying".

( ما خلقتم للفناء بل خلقتم للبقاء، وإنما تنقلون من دار إلى دار )

This is the same desire for eternity that has always existed in the human being, and it is the cunning devil used to conquer Adam. The Holy Qur'an reports: “But Satan whispered to him. He said, “O Adam, shall I show you the Tree of Immortality, and a kingdom that never decays?”

فَوَسْوَسَ إِلَيْهِ الشَّيْطَانُ قَالَ يَا آدَمُ هَلْ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لَا يَبْلَى ﴿طه:۱۲۰﴾؛

But Satan whispered to him. He said, “O Adam, shall I show you the Tree of Immortality, and a kingdom that never decays?”

 

Resurrection and the world after death

The first set of verses of the Holy Qur'an, which was revealed to the Prophet, is mainly dedicated to the Resurrection and the afterlife. Verses such as :

إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ؛ وَإِذَا النُّجُومُ انْكَدَرَتْ؛ وَإِذَا الْجِبَالُ سُيِّرَتْ؛ وَإِذَا الْعِشَارُ عُطِّلَتْ؛ وَإِذَا الْوُحُوشُ حُشِرَتْ؛ وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ سُجِّرَتْ؛ وَإِذَا النُّفُوسُ زُوِّجَتْ؛ وَإِذَا الْمَوْءُودَةُ سُئِلَتْ؛ بِأَيِّ ذَنْبٍ قُتِلَتْ (تکویر: 1-9)

When the sun is rolled up. When the stars are dimmed. When the mountains are set in motion. When the relationships are suspended. When the beasts are gathered. When the oceans are set aflame. When the souls are paired. When the girl, buried alive, is asked: For what crime was she killed?

Quranic verses about resurrection contain various concepts and content:

First, proving the possibility and occurrence of resurrection

Second, the state of the heavens and the globes, the earth and its creatures at the resurrection

Third, the situation of men at the resurrection

Fourth, the qualities of the eternal life and the state of men in the next world

The verses about proving resurrection and controversy with its vindicators can be divided into five categories

  The verses emphasizing that there is no proof of the negation of resurrection. And it is disgusting disbelievers

  Verses pointing to similar phenomena in resurrection, in order to prevent it from improbability

  Verses that reject the disbelief of the Resurrection, and it establishes the possibility of its occurrence

   Verses introducing Resurrection as the unblemished and divine promise of God, and the true news of the Messenger

  Verses that refer to the rational argument on the necessity of resurrection

In fact, the first three categories are related to the possibility of resurrection, and the last two categories are related to the occurrence and necessity of resurrection. One of the methods of reasoning the Quran with the owners of the false beliefs is that it asks for reasons to clarify that their beliefs has no rational and logical basis, as it appears in several verses:

قُلْ هاتُوا بُرْهانَكُمْ...

Prophet, tell them to bring their reasons

In the same cases, it is stated in the same tone that the owners of these false beliefs do not have "science" and beliefs in accordance with actual and documented arguments, but rather they have "suspicion" and unreasonable suspicions and oppositions.

(مؤمنون:117؛ نساء:157؛ انعام:100، 119، 148؛ كهف:5؛ حج:3، 8، 71؛ عنكبوت:8؛ روم:29؛ لقمان:20؛ غافر:42؛ زخرف:20؛ نجم:28)

And in the resurrection deniers also it says:

وَ قالُوا ما هِيَ إِلاّ حَياتُنَا الدُّنْيا نَمُوتُ وَ نَحْيا وَ ما يُهْلِكُنا إِلاَّ الدَّهْرُ وَ ما لَهُمْ بِذلِكَ مِنْ عِلْم إِنْ هُمْ إِلاّ يَظُنُّونَ (جاثيه:24)

And they say, “There is nothing but this our present life; we die and we live, and nothing destroys us except time.” But they have no knowledge of that; they are only guessing

7ec2206122444b91811aafe661bf2086.jpg

 

Similar phenomena of resurrection

Plant Growth: The human's life after death is similar to a plant that gets alive on after its drying. Hence, thinking on this phenomenon, which always occurs in the sight of all human beings, is sufficient to find the possibility of their own life after death. Indeed, what simplifies this phenomenon and neglects its importance is that  people get use to see it. The Holy Quran repeatedly attracted people's attention to this phenomenon, and resembles the resurrection of human beings:

فَانْظُرْ إِلى آثارِ رَحْمَتِ اللّهِ كَيْفَ يُحْيِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِها إِنَّ ذلِكَ لَمُحْيِ الْمَوْتى وَ هُوَ عَلى كُلِّ شَيْء قَدِيرٌ (روم:50)

So observe the effects of God’s mercy—how He revives the earth after it was dead. Indeed, He is the Reviver of the dead. He is Capable of everything.

 

Sleep of the Companions of the Kahaf: The Holy Qur'an After mentioning the wonderful story of the companions of Kahaf, says

وَ كَذلِكَ أَعْثَرْنا عَلَيْهِمْ لِيَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ وَعْدَ اللّهِ حَقٌّ وَ أَنَّ السّاعَةَ لا رَيْبَ فِيها...» (كهف: 21)

So it was, that we caused them to be discovered, that they would know that the promise of God is true, and that of the Hour there is no doubt.

Undoubtedly, knowing of such a strange event that some people are asleep and awake for several hundred years or so will have a particular effect on human attention to resurrection, because in normal sleeps, biological acts of the body are naturally And the return of the soul is not surprising, but a body that does not use food for three hundred years should die and become corrupt in accordance with the current system of nature and lose its readiness to return the soul. Such an extraordinary incident can draw human attention beyond this normal system and realize that human rebirth, although contrary to the system of death and life in this world, will not have a refusal and will be realized in accordance with the promise of God.

Resuscitation of Animals: The Holy Quran also refers to the abnormal regeneration of several animals, including the revival of four chickens by Abraham (pbuh):

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِنْ قَالَ بَلَى وَلَكِنْ لِيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبِي قَالَ فَخُذْ أَرْبَعَةً مِنَ الطَّيْرِ فَصُرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ ثُمَّ اجْعَلْ عَلَى كُلِّ جَبَلٍ مِنْهُنَّ جُزْءًا ثُمَّ ادْعُهُنَّ يَأْتِينَكَ سَعْيًا ...﴿بقره:۲۶۰﴾

And when Abraham said, “My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead.” He said, “Have you not believed?” He said, “Yes, but to put my heart at ease.” He said, “Take four birds, and incline them to yourself, then place a part on each hill, then call to them; and they will come rushing to you.

Resurrection of some of the people in the same world: One of the Prophets of the Bani of Israel, on his journey, fell to a people who were destroyed and collapsed, and suddenly it came to his mind how these people will revive! The Qur'an says:

أَوْ كَالَّذِي مَرَّ عَلَى قَرْيَةٍ وَهِيَ خَاوِيَةٌ عَلَى عُرُوشِهَا قَالَ أَنَّى يُحْيِي هَذِهِ اللَّهُ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا فَأَمَاتَهُ اللَّهُ مِائَةَ عَامٍ ثُمَّ بَعَثَهُ قَالَ كَمْ لَبِثْتَ قَالَ لَبِثْتُ يَوْمًا أَوْ بَعْضَ يَوْمٍ قَالَ بَلْ لَبِثْتَ مِائَةَ عَامٍ فَانْظُرْ إِلَى طَعَامِكَ وَشَرَابِكَ لَمْ يَتَسَنَّهْ وَانْظُرْ إِلَى حِمَارِكَ وَلِنَجْعَلَكَ آيَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَانْظُرْ إِلَى الْعِظَامِ كَيْفَ نُنْشِزُهَا ثُمَّ نَكْسُوهَا لَحْمًا فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ قَالَ أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ ﴿بقره:۲۵۹

Or like him who passed by a town collapsed on its foundations. He said, “How can God revive this after its demise?” Thereupon God caused him to die for a hundred years, and then resurrected him. He said, “For how long have you tarried?” He said, “I have tarried for a day, or part of a day.” He said, “No. You have tarried for a hundred years. Now look at your food and your drink—it has not spoiled—and look at your donkey. We will make you a wonder for mankind. And look at the bones, how We arrange them, and then clothe them with flesh.” So when it became clear to him, he said, “I know that God has power over all things.”

 

f32ee401ae78428797c30afa6a8e5d76.jpg

 

 


IZH
Your Opinion



Show nonpublic
تصویر امنیتی :