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کد خبر : 255229
تاریخ انتشار : 4/21/2019 1:48:33 PM
تعداد بازدید : 93

Characteristic of the righteous (2)

Orator: ayatollah professor Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه.

 

We said that the most important message of God in the Quran is "piety" and inviting to it, and all the concepts of the Quran serve this message and to all of them want to bring man to the peak of virtue and prosperity. Here are some other points about this divine message:

 

The value of righteous human

The person who has piety has the highest authority from God. The Holy Quran in the ranking of the servants of God says:

  يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ ﴿حجرات:۱۳﴾

O people! We created you from a male and a female, and made you races and tribes, that you may know one another. The best among you in the sight of God is the most righteous. God is all-Knowing, Well-Experienced.

As we said last week, piety has different stages, the lowest and the first stage is respecting the divine orders is as much as possible:

«فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ (تغابن:16)

So be conscious of God as much as you can

And the highest level of piety is virtue in a way that is Suitable with dignity of God:

«يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ (آل عمران:102)

O you who believe! Revere God with due reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.

And among the lowest and highest stage of piety, there are many stages, and the more human grow in virtue and piety, he will be more honorable and magnanimous by God.

The lack of difference between men and women in piety

In the logic of the Qur'an, there is no difference between men and women in achieving piety. First of all, the audience of this verse:

« إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ»

Are all human beings and it stars with  يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ that they were created from men and women. And also the holy Quran says that :

  أَنِّي لَا أُضِيعُ عَمَلَ عَامِلٍ مِنْكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ ﴿آل عمران:۱۹۵﴾

I will not waste the work of any worker among you, whether male or female.

Yes, in Islamic law, there is a difference between men and women in terms of rights and duties, but this difference does not mean discrimination and does not create a difference in the valuation of human actions by God. There are Differences between old and young; and between parents and children in terms of rights and duties, or for example fasting is not obligatory for passengers and its obligatory for non-pasengers. All of these examples do not discriminate against the dignity and piety of a human being. What matters is that everyone, as a servant of the Lord, has a strict obedience to the obligatory and holy duties assigned to him by the Lord, with due regard to the interests of his world and his hereafter. Given this point, the Holy Quran chooses the pattern of Muslims from women’s and states:

وَضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا امْرَأَتَ فِرْعَوْنَ ... وَمَرْيَمَ ابْنَتَ عِمْرَانَ... ﴿تحریم:11-۱۲﴾

And God illustrates an example of those who believe: the wife of Pharaoh… And Mary, the daughter of Imran

We are In the days of the testimony of Fatima Zahra. A woman who is the best example for piety and  for both Muslim men and women she is a pattern of worship and obedience to God's commands. Another example is Zaynab Kobra, who was a great example of Chivalry.

Effects of piety

Piety gives humans a consistent insight, courage and truthfulness. The people of righteous will have stability and patience in the face of problems and he will face the problems of life with dignity. On the other hand, with the correct insight, he will resist his various doubts, and deal with them with power and intellectual argumentation. The Holy Quran states the following effects of piety:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ تَتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ فُرْقَانًا وَيُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ﴿انفال:۲۹﴾

On the Day when God will not disappoint the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light streaming before them, and to their right, they will say, “Our Lord, complete our light for us, and forgive us; you are capable of all things.”

وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَنْ ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنْكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَى؛ قَالَ رَبِّ لِمَ حَشَرْتَنِي أَعْمَى وَقَدْ كُنْتُ بَصِيرًا؛ قَالَ كَذَلِكَ أَتَتْكَ آيَاتُنَا فَنَسِيتَهَا وَكَذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ تُنْسَى ﴿طه:124-۱۲۶﴾

But whoever turns away from My Reminder, for him is a confined life. And we will raise him on the Day of Resurrection blind.”  He will say, “My Lord, why did you raise me blind, though I was seeing?” He will say, “Just as Our revelations came to you, and you forgot them, today you will be forgotten.”

 

Sermon of the righteous

In order to understand the characteristics of human beings with piety, we will discuss the words of Amir al-Mu'minin Ali (as), and in the light of Qur'anic verses, we will continue the discussion. The "Sermon of the righteous" is a sermon from Amir al-Mu'minin in Nahj al-Balaghah, which refers to the charectristcs of the righteous. This sermon is also known as the "Himam Sermon". Hemam ibn Abadeh or Hemam bin Sharif, was a follower of Amir al-Mu'minin, which this words are said in response to his request:

  رُوِىَ اَنَّ صاحِباً لِأميرِالْمُوْمِنينَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ يُقالُ لَهُ هَمّامٌ، كانَ رَجُلاً عابِداً، فَقالَ لَهُ: يا اَميرَ الْمُوْمِنينَ صِفْ لِىَ الْمُتَّقينَ حَتّى كَاَنّى اَنْظُرُ اِلَيْهِمْ؛ فَتَثاقَلَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ عَنْ جَوابِهِ ثُمَّ قالَ: يا هَمّامُ، اِتَّقِ اللّهَ وَ اَحْسِنْ فـَ «اِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَ الَّذينَ اتَّقَوْا وَالَّذينَ هُمْ مُحْسِنُونَ .فَلَمْ يَقْنَعْ هَمّامٌ بِهذَا الْقَوْلِ حَتّى عَزَمَ عَلَيْهِ؛ فَحَمِدَ اللّهَ وَ اَثْنى عَلَيْهِ وَ صَلّى عَلَى النَّبِىِّ صَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ ثُمَّ قالَ:...

It has been narrated that one of the followers of Amir al-Mu'minin (as) who called himam once asked imam Ali that : "Describe the people of Piety as I can see them;

Imam waited a bit in his reply, then he replied: "O Himam, grant virtue and do good deeds, cause Allah is with those who are pious and righteous."

Himam was not satisfied with the answer and swore to Imam;

The Prophet (SAW) thanked Allah and sent a greetings to the Prophet)  peace be upon him and his son(  and then said: ...

 

 



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