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کد خبر : 256428
تاریخ انتشار : 5/22/2019 3:11:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 70

Charectristic of the righous (12)

Orator: Orator : Ayatollah professor Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله ربّ العالمين و الحمد لله الذی لا مُضادّ له في مُلكه و لا مُنازِعَ لَهُ في أمره. الحمدالله الذی لا شريك لَهُ في خلقه ولا شبيه لَهُ في عَظَمَتِه (جزء من دعاء الإفتتاح) وصلّی الله علی سيدّنا ونبيّنا محمّد صلّی الله عليه وعلی آله الطاهرين واصحابه المنتجبين.

عبادالله ! أُوصيكم و نفسي بتقوی الله و اتّباع امره و نهیه.

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The ninth virtue: the eye for certainty and the right of certainty to the resurrection

فَهُمْ وَالْجَنَّةُ كَمَنْ قَدْ رَآهَا، فَهُمْ فِيهَا مُنَعَّمُونَ، وَهُمْ وَالنَّارُ كَمَنْ قَدْ رَآهَا، فَهُمْ فِيهَا مُعَذَّبُونَ

Their encounter with paradise is as if they see it and enjoy its blessings, and their encounter with hell is as if they see it and they are chastising.

Certainty levels in the Qur'an

In the Holy Qur'an, certainty has been named for three times. The science of the certainty, the eye for certainty, the right of certainty.

The science of the certainty

It is a science that has been developed on the basis of rational arguments, which is not likely to be contrary to it. It is as if a person realizes the existence of fire with seeing the smoke that comes up from it. And this is the first step of certainty.

The Holy Quran says about this step of certainty to the hereafter:

كَلَّا لَوْ تَعْلَمُونَ عِلْمَ الْيَقِينِ لَتَر  َوُنَّ الْجَحِيمَ (تکاثر:5-6)

If you knew with knowledge of certainty. You would see the Inferno.

 

The eye for certainty

Is higher level of the science of certainty. The eye for certainty comes from observation and conscience, and its relation to the science of certainty is such as the relation of seeing and hearing something. The same thing in the example above is like knowing the presence of fire by seeing it.

The Holy Quran says about the eye of certainty on the resurrection:

  ثُمَّ لَتَرَوُنَّهَا عَيْنَ الْيَقِينِ ﴿تکاثر:۷﴾

Then you will see it with the eye of certainty.

Imam Sadigh (peace be upon him) says that one day a Jewish clerics came to Imam Ali (peace be upon him) and asked:

O Amir al-Mu'minin have you seen God when you were praying him?

Imam Ali answered: I don’t pray a God that I don’t see.

The men said: and how did you see the God?

He said: eyes do not see him, but the hearts see him with truth of faith.

 

The right of certainty

Is the highest level of certainty. It is a real and objective stage, and it is not just a mental or emotional certainty. And it means to be sure of something by touching and feeling it. In the example above, it's like finding out the fire when you burn in it and feel the burning.

The Holy Qur'an states in a verse about the right of certainty in punishments of the afterlife:

وَأَمَّا إِنْ كَانَ مِنَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ الضَّالِّينَ؛ فَنُزُلٌ مِنْ حَمِيمٍ؛ وَتَصْلِيَةُ جَحِيمٍ؛ إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ حَقُّ الْيَقِينِ ﴿واقعه:92-۹۵﴾

But if he is one of the deniers, the mistaken. Then a welcome of Inferno. And burning in Hell. This is the certain truth.

Those who believe in the truths of the world of the hereafter do not go beyond the science of certainty. Examining the reasons for the resurrection will eventually lead to a faithful belief in a faithful person who believes in the definitive belief, and that will be the same as the science of certainty. But Imam Ali (peace be upon him) in the sermon of righteous has mentioned about the virtues of people of piety that they are on stage of eye of certainty and the right of certainty for restriction and the other life.

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Imam Sadigh (peace be upon him) says that one day, the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw one of his companions, Harith bin Malik, and he realized his inner mood from his face, and asked him:

What is your sign of certainty?

Harith bin malik said: I am done with this world, I stay up at nights and worship and in days I am thirsty, and now it is same as I am In the other world and im seeing that people are getting ready for audit, and I saw the people of heaven in heaven and people of hell in hell.

Prophet said that he is the servant of the Lord who has illuminated his heart with faith.

Social anomalies, oppression and cruelty, the abusions that people make on each other, they are all rooted in the true uncertainty of the resurrection. How could someone who has a true belief in the hereafter oppress someone else for his own prosperity in the life of this world and overthrows the other ones right? When we see that the life of the world is temporary, and every day we lose our friends and relatives who pass away. If we believe in the Hereafter, are we willing to oppress and ruin in someone’s rights for the sake of the prosperity and comfort of the world at the expense of the loss of prosperity and the suffering of the doomsday?

The Holy Quran considers the main reason of these injustices and social anomalies in not believing in the Hereafter and states:

أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّينِ؛فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي يَدُعُّ الْيَتِيمَ؛ وَلَا يَحُضُّ عَلَى طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ ﴿ماعون:1-۳﴾

Have you considered him who denies the religion? It is he who mistreats the orphan. And does not encourage the feeding of the poor.


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