Islamic Center Hamburg
Delicious facebook RSS ارسال به دوستان نسخه چاپی ذخیره خروجی XML خروجی متنی خروجی PDF
کد خبر : 259322
تاریخ انتشار : 9/13/2019 7:26:23 PM
تعداد بازدید : 92

06.09.2019

Characteristic of righteous (23)

Orator: Hojjatoleslam Prof. Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

 

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه

 

Twentieth Virtue: Intellectual Tolerance

وَ أَمَّا النَّهَارَ فَحُلَمَاءُ عُلَمَاءُ، أَبْرَارٌ أَتْقِیَاءُ

By day, they are tolerant scientisits and charitable philanthropists.

The importance of patience and tolerance

Patience means to refrain from arousing anger and violence. About importance of tolerance and patience, Amir al-Mu'minin says:

إنْ لَمْ تَکُنْ حَلیمَاً فَتَحَلَّمْ فَإِنَّهُ قَلَّ مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَومٍ إِلاّ أَوشَکَ أَنْ یَکُونَ مِنْهُم (نهج البلاغه، حکمت 207)

If you cannot forbear, feign to do so because it is seldom that a man likens himself to a group and does not become as one of them.

And Imam Sadeq (PBUH) has also narrated the importance of patience and tolerance:

مَا مِنْ جُرْعَةٍ یَتَجَرَّعُهَا العَبْدُ أحَبُّ إلَی اللّهِ مِنْ جُرْعَةِ غَیْظٍ یَتَجَرَّعُهَا عِنْدَ تَرَدُّدِهَا فِی قَلْبِهِ إمّا بِصَبْرٍ وَ إمَّا بِحِلْمٍ (کافی، ج2، ص111)

No sip is more pleasing to God than the anger that a person drinks in his heart because of patience or restraint.

الْمُؤمِنُ خَلَطَ عَمَلُهُ بِالْحِلْمِ (کافی، ج2، ص111)

A believer is patience in his behavior.

 

Halim is a divine attribute of god, and God has referred to it in numerous verses, such as:

قَوْلٌ مَعْرُوفٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ صَدَقَةٍ يَتْبَعُهَا أَذًى وَاللَّهُ غَنِيٌّ حَلِيمٌ ﴿بقره:۲۶۳﴾

Kind words and forgiveness are better than charity followed by insults. God is Rich and Clement.

 

Patience and helm have a very close meaning to each other. Human life in the world is beset by strange problems that if he stands up to them with patience and resistance, he will surely win; and if he does not stand up to them, he will never reach he’s destination. Helm and patience is endurance of various problems and incidents, the opposite being is Impatience and begging, which means losing resistance and giving in to problems.

Almost a hundred verses in the Holy Qur'an speak of patience, while none of the human virtues have been so emphasized. This shows that the Qur'an places a high value on patience and a great reward for the patient, and saying:

 

قُلْ يَا عِبَادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا فِي هَذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةٌ وَأَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةٌ إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ ﴿زمر:۱۰﴾

Say, “O My devotees who have believed, keep your duty to your Lord. For those who do good in this world, is goodness. And God’s earth is vast. The steadfast will be paid their wages in full, without reckoning.”

 

The key for entering Paradise is patience; when holly Quran says that angels come to the doors of paradise to welcome the patient people

سَلامٌ عَلَیکمْ بِما صَبَرْتُمْ فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَی الدَّارِ (رعد:24)

 “Peace be upon you, because you endured patiently. How excellent is the Final Home.”

And he asked the believers to wait and invite each other to do so:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اصْبِرُوا وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ﴿آل عمران:۲۰۰﴾

O you who believe! Be patient, and advocate patience, and be united, and revere God, so that you may thrive.

 

And to ask for help from patience:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ (بقره:153)

 O you who believe! Seek help through patience and prayers. God is with the steadfast.

And patience is known for things that cause no harm in life:

 

إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ؛ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ﴿عصر:۲-3﴾

The human being is in loss. Except those who believe, and do good works, and encourage truth, and recommend patience.

Without patience and endurance, man is unable to stand in the positive direction and cannot stand against the negative factors, disasters and pests. For this reason, the key to victory is patience.

 

Helm (patience) beside science

Amir al-Mu'minin (as) considers patience to be one of the attributes of the real scientist and says:

یا طالب العلم ان للعالم ثلاث علامات: العلم، والحلم، والصمت؛ و للمتکلف ثلاث علامات: ینازع من فوقه بالمعصیة، ویظلم من دونه بالغلبة، ویظاهر الظلمة (کافی، ج 1، ص37)

O science seeker! There are three signs for the scientist: science, patience, and silence, and for who that try’s to show that his a scientist there are also three signs: to fight disobedience to his superior, to oppress his subordinates, and to support the transgressors.

The scientist man is calm and confronted with insult, mischief and violence, because insult and mischief only come from ignorant people and as the Qur'an says:

وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا ﴿فرقان:۶۳﴾

 The servants of the Merciful are those who walk the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say, “Peace.”

 

Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) says:

منه العلم ولاتکونوا علماء جبارین فیذهب باطلکم بحقکم (بحارالانوار، ج 2، ص 41)

Seek wisdom with humility and patience and be modest and humble towards your disciples and teachers, and do not be like the oppressive scholars, so that your bad deeds will destroy your good deeds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



IZH
نظر شما



نمایش غیر عمومی
تصویر امنیتی :