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کد خبر : 54709
تاریخ انتشار : 7/2/2014 10:05:16 PM
تعداد بازدید : 679

the recognition of the Islam Islamic Studies 114- the Islam and the religion8Sharia 8

In the name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful and the Compassionate

The sharia and the divine rules include whatever is related to the life of human being, whether the religious and vajeb (necessary) responsibilities that include the orders and the prohibitions or the duties and the responsibilities that are not vajeb (necessary) and haram (prohibited); in other words, they are not obligatory such as mostahab[1] (recommended) actions, makroohat[2] and mobahat.[3] Each of them can influence the religious growth of human.

 Different kinds of obligations:

 Of course, the obligations are objective and practical.


A. Objective obligations:


 They are the affairs related to idea, thought and heart and human beings are supposed to learn the correct way of knowing them such as the science related to the existence of the exalted God, the unity of God, science, will, the power of God and so on…A person makes sure of beliefs with the means of rational reasons and if his or her mind is not able, he or she makes sure of these beliefs with the means of religious reasons.

 For example, the belief in the physical ascent of the prophet (peace of Allah be upon him and his descendants) and the physical resurrection[4] are affairs that we cannot make sure about with rational reasons; hence, we can make sure about them with religious reasons.


B. Practical obligations:


The practical obligations that an obliged person should act include two types:


1. Rational practical obligations:


These kinds of obligations can be understood with rational reasons and God confirms it such as the goodness of fairness, the ugliness of tyranny, the breaking of promises, thanking generous people and things like these because these affairs can be understood even if a legislator does not express any ideas about them. Such cases are according to such a remark


   کلما حکم به العقل حکم


'' Whatever mind rules is confirmed by the sharia".


2. Practical narrative auditory obligations:


One's mind cannot understand these obligations, but it cannot deny them because the  sagacious God has left such obligations according to his wisdom; for example some devotions such as prayer, fast, Khoms, Zakat and so on. It is completely clear that the mind alone cannot understand them. These cases are divided into two types from the aspect of jurisprudence:


The first type:  they are called situational rules such as ownership, tainted things, being in pairs, authenticity, falsity and so on. The second type: they are called obligation rules and according to the opinion of the jurisprudents, they are divided into five cases: Vajebat (necessary affairs), Moharamat (prohibited things), mostahabat (recommended affairs), makroohat (disapproved but not forbidden things) and mobahat (permitted things).   [5]


The types of obligations in relation to obliged people:


  Another division of the obligations is related to the person who is responsible for fulfilling the obligations. In this case, the obligations are divided into personal and social.


a) Personal obligations: personal obligations mean that human beings as superior beings on the earth should be faithful to do some affairs. In other words, they should fulfill some obligations such as praying that is necessary for human beings under any circumstances, whether they are alone or in the society. Moreover, they should give up doing some affairs such as drinking wine that is haram under any circumstances for anybody and human beings are not allowed to do haram affairs with their choice.


b) Social obligations: social obligations are affairs that have social aspects and in fact, duties and obligations are left to persons according to their interaction within the society. For example, if a person lives on the earth alone, he or she can continue to his or her life and there are no limitations for him or her. However, when a person owns a place, people cannot enter this place without permission and it is considered as an expropriated rule. To trade with others, the obliged should know rules and obligations properly and act their duties. The affairs that are about the topics of social life are called social rules. These kinds of rules are common in the Islam in order to prevent chaos in the society. Some rules have been enacted so that each person can achieve his or her rights.


Whatever has been understood so far is that the Islam is a complete religion and rules and it includes all kinds of obligations. Anybody that follows them has acted his or her religious obligations. According to this point of view towards the religion, it can be understood that the Islam has enacted rules, regulations and orders so that human beings can establish a correct relationship with themselves, others and God and do not face any problems in the life and if people want to achieve happiness, they should recognize the right path properly.   



1. Mostahabat such as Navafel Yumiye are affairs that if an obliged person does it, he or she will be rewarded and

If they give them up, he or she will not be a sinner and will not be punished.


2. Makroohat are affairs that if he or she does not do them, he or she will be rewarded and if they do them, they will not be sinners and will not be rewarded.


3. Mobahat are affairs that it does not matter whether you do them or not.

4. Of course, some of scientists believe that the physical resurrection can be proved with the means of rational reasons.


5. Ibn Meitham Bohrani, the book '' Ghavaed Al-Haram'' p 117; Al-Siuri Al-Heli, Ershad Al-Talebin Ela Manba Al-Mostarshedin p 276; Al-Lavame Al-Ahye Fi Mabaheth Al-Kalaniye p 222  

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