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کد خبر : 56584
تاریخ انتشار : 7/30/2014 1:53:31 PM
تعداد بازدید : 505

Islamic Studies 117- Islam and the Sharia 11

In the sharia of Islam, the rights of human beings have been emphasized as exactly and completely as there are wisdom and philosophy for individual rules such as praying so that people can gain real relaxation that is their right .


In the name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful


            الحمد لله ربّ العالمين و الحمد لله الذی لا مُضادّ له في مُلكه و لا مُنازِعَ لَهُ في أمره. الحمدالله الذی لا شريك لَهُ في خلقه ولا شبيه لَهُ في عَظَمَتِه (جزء من دعاء الإفتتاح) وصلّی الله علی سيدّنا ونبيّنا محمّد صلّی الله عليه وعلی آله الطاهرين واصحابه المنتجبين.

عبادالله ! أُوصيكم و نفسي بتقوی الله و اتّباع امره و نهیه.


This important point was emphasized in previous matters that the sharia of Islam specified the obligations and rights of human beings in details and even determined the duties and obligations of people when there was a contrast between personal and social rights. It was said that a right was something that was in favor of a person and left to others and an obligation was something that was left to a person and in favor of others. Hence, there is equality and proportionate between the right of a person and the obligation of another person. In other words, there are obligations as many as rights for individuals in the society. Moreover, as it was mentioned in the previous matters, if a society is based on fairness and wisdom, there is a mutual relationship between rights and obligations. Hence, it can be concluded that a person in the society has rights as well as obligations towards the society and others and it is not appropriate that a person has only obligations or only rights. Of course, it is completely clear that the right of each person is as much as his or her obligations and responsibilities towards the society and others. Therefore, human beings that have no responsibilities and obligations towards the society and will not benefit from the rights of others.


However, it should be reminded that obligations are necessary when people are able to fulfill them. Hence, old people that are old and sick and cannot work and try in life have no obligations towards the society and others due to lack of ability. Consequently, the Islam that is merciful and kind towards human beings has rules and regulations for these people in the society. It has been mentioned in the Islamic doctrines that they should be highly respected by all of members of the society and the government and should have the rights of citizenship and human and no one should ignore their rights for living. As it has been said in our narrations,

وَقّروا کِبارَکم

''Respect adults and old people and behave them mildly''. This verse emphasizes on preserving the rights of this group of people.


In the sharia of Islam, the rights of human beings have been emphasized as exactly and completely as there are wisdom and philosophy for individual rules such as  praying so that people can gain real relaxation that is their right  .


Since praying, reciting the Quran and other individual rules have a crucial and key role, they are considered as vajeb (necessary) affairs and people should try to achieve real relaxation not temporary material enjoyment and the way of achieving this real relaxation has been determined by religious doctrines. Hence, the Quran states

اقم الصلوة لذکری[1]


In another verse, the Quran states that remembering God is the only factor of relaxation and assurance.


الا بذکرالله تطمئن القلوب[2]


Hence, it can be claimed that the obligations of God are determined so that human beings can achieve the rights of human. In summary, the path of achieving to real bliss and happiness in the Islam is through following the sharia. What is important to know is that only human beings can use the benefits and advantages of divine obligations. Hence, it is completely clear that none of these obligations and religious duties have benefits for God because God is enriched of enjoyments and does not need anything from his creatures and all these obligations from God are like the recommendations of a physician to his patients. In fact, following the recommendations of a physician is in the favor of a patient not the physician and if a patient disobeys the orders of his or her physician, he or she and their society will be hurt. Hence, if a person does not follow the obligations and the right path, only he or she will go awry. [3]Because the compassionate and merciful God wants to benefit all of his blessings and mercies to human beings, he has sent his prophets in order to guide human. To thank the great blessings of God, we should fulfill our obligations perfectly so that we can achieve comfort, relaxation and the happiness of life and the doomsday. Amir Al-Momenin (peace be upon him) stated: ''God has created the doomsday full of blessings and sent the prophets in order to invite human there. Unfortunately, some people have not accepted the invitation of God; as a consequence, they have been disgraced in this world due to their bad deeds."[4]




1. Taa Surah/ Verse 2


2. Rad Surah/ verse 28


3. Mola Sadra/ Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Karim v 2 p 49



4. Nahj Al-Balaghe/ sermon 109 translated by deceased Dashti

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