Islamic Center Hamburg
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Date of publication : 1/22/2019 4:16:00 AM
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Friday Prayers

Cognition of Quran (1)


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ  ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه.

(Cognition of Quran (1
 The discussion of revelation is important because it is the basis for the recognition of the Word of God. The Qur'an, which expresses the words of Allah and
 the bearer of the message of heaven (sky’s), has been revealed through revelation. Literal Meaning of the Word of Revelation is: "Hidden Instant Messaging" We know that the transmitter and receiver of the message are, naturally, the creatures who got mind and wisdom, and according to the creature's senses in the creation world are things like God, angels, prophets, other humans, genies, devils, and ... . More than sixty faces for the examples of the lexical  meaning of the revelation is conceivable. From these imaginable forms, five faces are mentioned in the Quran 

Message of the Prophet to other people
 فَخَرَجَ عَلى‏ قَوْمِهِ مِنَ الْمِحْرابِ فَأَوْحى‏ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنْ سَبِّحُوا بُكْرَةً وَ عَشِيًّا (مریم:11)
(And he came out to his people, from the sanctuary, and signaled to them to praise morning and evening. (Mary 11 
 Satan's message to Satan
 إِنَّ الشَّياطينَ لَيُوحُونَ إِلى‏ أَوْلِيائِهِمْ لِيُجادِلُوكُمْ وَ إِنْ أَطَعْتُمُوهُمْ إِنَّكُمْ لَمُشْرِكُونَ (انعام:121)
 And do not eat from ver which the Name of God was not pronounced, for it is abomination. The devils inspire their followers to argue with you; but if you  obey them, you would be polytheiststhat  ( Al-anam 121 

 God's message to the animal

 وَ أَوْحى‏ رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذي مِنَ الْجِبالِ بُيُوتاً وَ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَ مِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ (نحل:68)
 And your Lord inspired the bee: “Set up hives in the mountains, and in the trees, and in what they construct.” ( An-nahl 68
 
4. God's message to other people

 وَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلى‏ أُمِّ مُوسى‏ أَنْ أَرْضِعيهِ فَإِذا خِفْتِ عَلَيْهِ فَأَلْقيهِ فِي الْيَمِّ (قصص:7)
 We inspired the mother of Moses: “Nurse him; then, when you fear for him, cast him into the river, and do not fear, nor grieve; We will return him to you,and make him one of the messengers (al-qasas 7 

God's message to the prophets

 إِنَّا أَوْحَيْنا إِلَيْكَ كَما أَوْحَيْنا إِلى‏ نُوحٍ وَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وَ أَوْحَيْنا إِلى‏ إِبْراهيمَ وَ إِسْماعيلَ وَ إِسْحاقَ وَ يَعْقُوبَ وَ الْأَسْباطِ وَ عيسى‏ وَ أَيُّوبَ وَ يُونُسَ وَ هارُونَ وَ سُلَيْمانَ وَ آتَيْنا داوُدَ زَبُوراً( نساء:63)

They are those whom God knows what is in their hearts. So ignore them, and admonish them, and say to them concerning themselves penetrating words
(An-nisa 63)

 The idiomatic meaning : "prophetic revelation", or the message of God to the prophets 
 
Types of apostolic revelation: Prophetic revelation According to the Qur'an, there are three kinds of verses: direct revelation, indirect revelation behind the
: curtain, indirect revelation with the intermediary of the revelation angel. The Holy Quran says:
 وَ ما كانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَنْ يُكَلِّمَهُ اللَّهُ إِلاَّ وَحْياً أَوْ مِنْ وَراءِ حِجابٍ أَوْ يُرْسِلَ رَسُولاً (شوری:51)
 It is not for any human that God should speak to him, except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger to reveal by His permission  
(whatever He wills. He is All-High, All-Wise. ( ash-shura 51

 Direct revelation is the direct talk of God with prophets, which is interpreted as "God's manifestation." This manifestation is so trivial that it creates tremendous effects in the natural world. In the story of Moses (peace be upon him), who demanded the sight of God, and God obeyed this vision, on the 
 :survival of the mountain, the Holy Quran says

 وَلَمَّا جَاءَ مُوسَى لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِي أَنْظُرْ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ لَنْ تَرَانِي وَلَكِنِ انْظُرْ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ فَإِنِ اسْتَقَرَّ مَكَانَهُ فَسَوْفَ تَرَانِي فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّى رَبُّهُ لِلْجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ دَكًّا وَخَرَّ مُوسَى صَعِقًا ﴿اعراف:۱۴۳﴾  

And when Moses came to our appointment, and his Lord spoke to him, he said, “My Lord, allow me to look and see you.” He said, “You will not see me, but
look at the mountain; if it stays in its place, you will see Me.” But when his Lord manifested Himself to the mountain, He turned it into dust, and Moses fell 
(down unconscious. Then, when he recovered, he said, “Glory be to you, I repent to you, and I am the first of the believers.” (Al-araf 143
 

In the case of the Prophet, this manifestation of the Lord showed his works with such things as the burning up of the Prophet's body, the sound of a whistle in his ears, the weight of his body, and so on. 
Indirect revelation from behind the curtain, is sometimes in the form of dreams, which is mentioned in the story of Abraham (peace be upon him)

: فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ مَعَهُ السَّعْيَ قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرَىٰ فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ فَانظُرْ مَاذَا تَرَىٰ (صافات: 102)

 Then, when he was old enough to accompany him, he said, “O My son, I see in a dream that I am sacrificing you; see what you think.” He said, “O Father, 
(do as you are commanded; you will find me, God willing, one of the steadfast.” (As-saffat 102)
 
 : And in the case of the Prophet in the story of the Hajj before the conquest of Mecca, it is stated in the Holy Qur'an:
 
لقَدْ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ الرُّؤْيَا بِالْحَقِّ ۖ لَتَدْخُلُنَّ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ إِن شَاءَ اللَّهُ آمِنِينَ مُحَلِّقِينَ رُءُوسَكُمْ وَمُقَصِّرِينَ لَا تَخَافُونَ (فتح:27)

 God has fulfilled His Messenger’s vision in truth: “You will enter the Sacred Mosque, God willing, in security, heads shaven, or hair cut short, not fearing.
(He knew what you did not know, and has granted besides that an imminent victory.” ( Al-fath 27 

 : (And sometimes as a sound from the inside of the fire, which is mentioned in the story of Moses (peace be upon him

 إِذْ رَأَىٰ نَارًا فَقَالَ لِأَهْلِهِ امْكُثُوا إِنِّي آنَسْتُ نَارًا لَّعَلِّي آتِيكُم مِّنْهَا بِقَبَسٍ أَوْ أَجِدُ عَلَى النَّارِ هُدًى؛ فَلَمَّا أَتَاهَا نُودِيَ يَا مُوسَىٰ؛ إِنِّي أَنَا رَبُّكَ فَاخْلَعْ نَعْلَيْكَ ۖ إِنَّكَ بِالْوَادِ الْمُقَدَّسِ طُوًى (طه:10-12)

 When he saw a fire, he said to his family, “Stay; I have noticed a fire; Perhaps I can bring you a torch therefrom, or find some guidance by the fire.” Then, 
(when he reached it, he was called, “O Moses. I—I am your Lord. Take off your shoes. You are in the sacred valley of Tuwa. ( Ta-ha 10-12  

.Indirect revelation through the intermediary of the angel of revelation is a revelation that has been practiced in most cases by prophets
 In the case of the Prophet, all three forms of prophetic revelation have been fulfilled, but the Holy Quran has been made only in two ways through direct 
(revelation and indirect revelation through the intermediary of the Angel of Revelation (Gibreel.


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