Islamic Center Hamburg
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Date of publication : 1/29/2019 7:54:05 PM
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16.11.2018

Cognition of Quran (8)


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه.


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We said that the three main questions of man, which from the beginning of history engaged in the thought of thinkers, is where is the beginning of creation? Where is the end? And What is the cause 

 

The purpose of human creation

The second question that every thoughtful person asks for itself is: "What have we been created for?" And "What is the purpose of creating humans and coming to this world?"

The Holy Qur'an answers the following questions in verses:

وَ ما خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَ الْإِنْسَ إِلاّ لِیَعْبُدُونِ؛ ما أُرِیدُ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ رِزْق وَ ما أُرِیدُ أَنْ یُطْعِمُونِ؛ إِنَّ اللّهَ هُوَ الرَّزّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِینُ (ذاریات:56 -58)

I did not create the jinn and the humans except to worship Me. I need no livelihood from them, nor do I need them to feed Me. God is the Provider, the One with Power, the Strong.

It reveals these verses, along with the abbreviations and pressures, the truth that everyone wants to know about, and puts us against a great goal. To know why God created man? Was there a shortage that would be overcome by the creation of "man"? Did God need to have created us to respond to that need? We introduce two introductions in order to arrive at the result:

First: Undoubtedly, every wise person who does something, he intends to aim for that task, and since God is the wisest, and not comparable to anyone, he must have a purpose to do this.

Second:  We know that his being is in all directions perfect and rich.

So we have to look for this goal outside of his essence, the goal that has returned to the creatures themselves and their perfection. On the other hand, in Quranic verses, various interpretations of the purpose of human creation have been used


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  الَّذِی خَلَقَ الْمَوْتَ وَ الْحَیاةَ لِیَبْلُوَکُمْ أَیُّکُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلاً(ملک:2)

He who created death and life—to test you—as to which of you is better in conduct. He is the Almighty, the Forgiving.

Here, the issue of testing humans in terms of "good deeds" is introduced as a goal.

اللّهُ الَّذِی خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَماوات وَ مِنَ الْأَرْضِ مِثْلَهُنَّ یَتَنَزَّلُ الْأَمْرُ بَیْنَهُنَّ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللّهَ عَلى کُلِّ شَیْء قَدِیرٌ وَ أَنَّ اللّهَ قَدْ أَحاطَ بِکُلِّ شَیْء عِلْماً (طلاق:12)

God is He Who created seven heavens, and their like of earth. The command descends through them, so that you may know that God is Capable of everything, and that God encompasses everything in knowledge.

Here, "awareness of the power and knowledge of God" is mentioned as the purpose for the creation of the heavens and the earth (and what is in them, including man).

وَ لَوْ شاءَ رَبُّکَ لَجَعَلَ النّاسَ أُمَّةً واحِدَةً وَ لایَزالُونَ مُخْتَلِفِینَ؛ إِلاّ مَنْ رَحِمَ رَبُّکَ وَ لِذلِکَ خَلَقَهُمْ (هود:118-119)

Had your Lord willed, He could have made humanity one community, but they continue to differ. Except those on whom your Lord has mercy—for that reason He created them.

According to this verse, "divine mercy" is the main purpose of human creation.

But the verse at the beginning of the discussion relied only on the issue of "servitude and worship" and explicitly introduces it as the ultimate goal of the creation of the genius and man.

A bit of reflection on the meaning of these verses, and the like, shows that there is no contradiction between them, in fact, there are some preliminaries, some middle ground, and some ultimate purpose, and some of its result.

The ultimate purpose is the "abandonment" referred to in the verse under discussion, and the question of "knowledge " and "examination and testing" are the goals which are placed on the path of "worship", and "the mercy of God" is the result of this worship Is.


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What is the truth of worship

In this way, it becomes clear that humans are all created to worship the Lord, but what is important is to know what the "truth of worship" is. Is it only the doing of ceremonies such as bowing and prostration and uprising and fasting and prayer? Is there a truth beyond these? However, official worship is also important.

To find the answer to this question, you have to rely on the word "abd" and "worship" and analyze it. "Abd", in Arabic terms, tells people that he has a right to belong to his master and his owner, his will depends on his will. He does not have anything against him, and does not weaken his obedience.

In other words, "worship", as it appears in the texts of the text, expresses the last degree of humiliation against the god, and for this reason, only one can be goddess, who has given ultimate reverence, and he is God Is. Therefore, "worship" is ultimately the culmination of the evolution of a human being and his glorification of God. "Worship" is ultimately surrendered to the clean nature of Allah. "Worship" is unconditional obedience and obedience in all fields. And ultimately, the complete "worship" is: that man does not dream about anything except the real god, that is, absolute perfection, walking in the path that god shows, and forget anything except god, even his own!

And this is the ultimate goal of the creation of mankind, which God has provided to the test field and has given knowledge to man, and the final result is also drowning in his "ocean of mercy".

In fact, it refers to the richness of the Lord, of everyone and everything, and if he invites humans to his worship, it is not for "profit", but for "grace" for them. On the contrary, the issue of "worship" among humans was because they chose the slaves for earning income and living for them, serving them at home, and in both cases, their profits They are, and this is the result of the need and need of man, but these are all meaningless about God, because he does not only need something, but also the need of everyone from his grace.

 

Why is "jinn" mentioned in the verse of the discussion prior to "insan

Although the Qur'anic verses are used well for humans to prevail over the tribe of the jinn, they preceded their name in the above verse above the "human", apparently because their creation before the creation of "Adam" ", As we read in the Holy Qur'an:

  وَ الْجانَّ خَلَقْناهُ مِنْ قَبْلُ مِنْ نْارِ السَّمُومِ (حجر:27)

And We gave David and Solomon knowledge. They said, “Praise God, who has favored us over many of His believing servants.”

Question: If the purpose of creation is to "bless" on humans, not to the creator's benefit, and this "favor" is through the evolution of humans, why did God initially not create humans in complete fashion? So that everyone will be close to him, and will enjoy the blessings of closeness to him?

Answer: Human evolution is not something that can be created to "coercion," but a long and long journey that humans must follow with their own feet, and plan it with determination and determination. If there is a massive amount of money to build a hospital I the money has been taken with coerced , does it have any moral and spiritual development for him? Absolutely not, but if it is to their will and desire, even a Rial will contribute to such a sacred purpose, it has, likewise, embarked on a path of moral perfection. And Allah, with the commandments and teachings and educational programs communicated by his prophets and rational power, sets us this path so that we can do this with our will and.

According to what we have said, we arrive at the final conclusion that "worship" and "servitude of God", that is, on the path of his desire to take, and to bring him the soul, to place his love in heart, and to simulate his morality. And if, in the verses above, "worship" is introduced as the ultimate goal of creation, that is what it means, which in other words is referred to as "human evolution".

Yes, "perfect man" is the true servant of God

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