Islamic Center Hamburg
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NewsID : 197596
Date of publication : 2/9/2019 4:51:00 PM
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Cognition of Quran (13)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه

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Following the Qur'anic topics, we came to the question of the fate of the afterlife, and we talked about eternal life after death, and we said that the Quranic verses are divided into four categories in this discussion:

 

1. Prove Resurrection

 

2. The heavens and its planets, the earth and its components during resurrection

 

3. The state of humanity during resurrection

 

4. The state of human beings in the immortal world

 

In the previous sermons, we examined the first and second verses, and today we refer to the third category of Quranic verses. In these verses, which deal with the state of human beings when they are resurrected and their actions are dealt with, it is said that Resurrection is the day that human beings encounter their embodied acts. Verses relating to the embodiment of acts in terms of content and themes can be classified into two main axes:

1. Verses that emphasize the objective observation of actions at the resurrection;

2. Verses that emphasize the atoning and receiving of actions by human.

 

1. Observation of actions at the resurrection

In various verses, Allah makes clear the objective observation of deeds. These verses confirm the embodiment of Acts on the Day of Resurrection, such as:

  يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ؛فَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ؛وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ(زلزال:6– 8)

Whoever has done an atom's weight of good will see it. And whoever has done an atom's weight of evil will see it.

This verse states that all human beings will receive and receive actions on the Day of Judgment. These verses are self-evident in their observation, although the way of seeing things in the hereafter and its characteristics is not clear to us.

يَوْمَ تَجِدُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَا عَمِلَتْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ مُحْضَرًا وَمَا عَمِلَتْ مِنْ سُوءٍ تَوَدُّ لَوْ أَنَّ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَهُ أَمَدًا بَعِيدًا)آل عمران:30)

On the Day when every soul finds all the good it has done presented. And as for the evil it has done, it will wish there were a great distance between them.

 

This verse clearly indicates that all human beings have found their actions on the Day of Judgment. And the wicked people, after encountering their bad deeds, wish that he would have been far between him and his evil deed.

وَكُلَّ إِنْسَانٍ أَلْزَمْنَاهُ طَائِرَهُ فِي عُنُقِهِ وَنُخْرِجُ لَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كِتَابًا يَلْقَاهُ مَنْشُورًا (اسراء:13)

For every person we have attached his fate to his neck. And on the Day of Resurrection, We will bring out for him a book which he will find spread open.

This verse explicitly states that any person will be accompanied by his actions, which will be a kind of book.

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى وَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا وَآثَارَهُمْ وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ فِي إِمَامٍ مُبِينٍ (یس:12)

It is we who revive the dead; and we write down what they have forwarded, and their traces. We have tallied all things in a Clear Record.

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This verse also states that everything that a person does is written and collected in Imam Mobien. But what is Imam Mobien, the examination of that requires more time.

     وَتَرَى كُلَّ أُمَّةٍ جَاثِيَةً كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ تُدْعَى إِلَى كِتَابِهَا الْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ؛ هَذَا كِتَابُنَا يَنْطِقُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْحَقِّ إِنَّا كُنَّا نَسْتَنْسِخُ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ (جاثیه:28-29(

You will see every community on its knees; every community will be called to its Book: “Today you are being repaid for what you used to do. This Book of Ours speaks about you in truth. We have been transcribing what you have been doing.”

  وَبَدَا لَهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُ مَا عَمِلُوا وَحَاقَ بِهِمْ مَا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ (جاثیه:33)

The evils of what they did will become evident to them, and the very thing they ridiculed will haunt them.

يَوْمَ يَنْظُرُ الْمَرْءُ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ وَيَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ تُرَابًا (نبأ:40)

The Day when a person will observe what his hands have produced, and the faithless will say, “O, I wish I were dust.”

   وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ فَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَا وَيْلَتَنَا مَالِ هَذَا الْكِتَابِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّا أَحْصَاهَا وَوَجَدُوا مَا عَمِلُوا حَاضِرًا وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا (کهف:49)

And the book will be placed, and you will see the sinners fearful of its contents. And they will say, “Woe to us! What is with this book that leaves nothing, small or big, but it has enumerated it?” They will find everything they had done present. Your Lord does not wrong anyone.

وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَمَا تُقَدِّمُوا لِأَنْفُسِكُمْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ تَجِدُوهُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ (بقره:110)

And perform the prayer, and give alms. Whatever good you forward for yourselves, you will find it with God. God is seeing of everything you do.

 

From all these verses, it becomes clear that what human beings face at the resurrection are the forms of his actions, thoughts, beliefs, qualities and ethics. It also appears that this form of action already exists, but we are not able to see them. Also, since the world of Barzakh and all that is in it, it is a face of the afterlife world, so the kind of deeds that is given to humans in the Barzakh is the form that is just for Barzakh and its not the same in the resurrection.

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2. Getting complete human actions

Allah has emphasized the issue of the general acquisition of human actions in many verses. These verses also express the issue of the embodiment of Acts on the Day of Resurrection:

  وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلِأَنْفُسِكُمْ وَمَا تُنْفِقُونَ إِلَّا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ اللَّهِ وَمَا تُنْفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يُوَفَّ إِلَيْكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لَا تُظْلَمُونَ (بقره:272)

Their guidance is not your responsibility, but God guides whom He wills. Any charity you give is for your own good. Any charity you give shall be for the sake of God. Any charity you give will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.

وَاتَّقُوا يَوْمًا تُرْجَعُونَ فِيهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ تُوَفَّى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ (بقره:281)

And guard yourselves against a Day when you will be returned to God; then each soul will be rewarded fully for what it has earned, and they will not be wronged.

Other verses can also be cited as the reasons for the embodiment of the acts at the resurrection.

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