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کد خبر : 255228
تاریخ انتشار : 4/21/2019 1:47:07 PM
تعداد بازدید : 44

Characteristic of the righteous (1)

Orator: ayatollah professor Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه.

 

After learning the general features of the Qur'an as the last divine healing, we refer to the teachings of the Qur'an. So far, we were engaged in external knowledge of the Qur'an, and we studied this divine book, and from today we will enter this book and we will learn from inside of it.

The most important message of God in the Qur'an is "virtue" and inviting to it. All the material mentioned in the Qur'an, which we have categorized and reviewed in the past sermons, serves this message and wants to bring man to the peak of virtue and prosperity. Now we discuss about this important divine message:

 

Phases of piety

In the Holy Quran, Piety has been used in two stages of human life:

1.    Piety before faith

This stage of virtue is related to the purity of the heart and human himself, which makes man ready to accept the message of truth. To take an effect from the Word of God and the words of the messengers you should have a righteousness and authority. The Quran says about the audience of Moses, Jesus and Prophet Muhammad:

  وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ الْفُرْقَانَ وَضِيَاءً وَذِكْرًا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ ﴿انبیاء:۴۸﴾

We gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion, and illumination, and a reminder for the righteous.

  وَقَفَّيْنَا عَلَى آثَارِهِمْ بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْإِنْجِيلَ فِيهِ هُدًى وَنُورٌ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةً لِلْمُتَّقِينَ ﴿مائده:۴۶﴾

In their footsteps, we sent Jesus son of Mary, fulfilling the Torah that preceded him; and We gave him the Gospel, wherein is guidance and light, and confirming the Torah that preceded him, and guidance and counsel for the righteous.

هَذَا بَيَانٌ لِلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةٌ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ ﴿آل عمران:۱۳۸﴾

This is a proclamation to humanity, and guidance, and advice for the righteous.

 

The Holy Qur'an presents two conflicting conclusions in expressing the effect of the words of the divine prophets on the two groups of human beings. These words are healing and guiding for one group, and for the other group they will be damaging and misleading:

 

  وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا ﴿اسراء:۸۲﴾

We send down in the Quran healing and mercy for the believers, but it increases the wrongdoers only in loss.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنْذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنْذِرْهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ ﴿آل عمران:۶

It is He who forms you in the wombs as He wills. There is no god except He, the Almighty, the Wise.

وَلَيَزِيدَنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا فَلَا تَأْسَ عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ ﴿مائده:۶۸

But what is revealed to you from your Lord will increase many of them in rebellion and disbelief, so do not be sorry for the disbelieving people.

 

The fact that religious is not taken into consideration by some people but rather reversed by the rise and disbelief of many of them, shows that there should first be a favorable context for the acceptance of the truth.

And when Quran says :

كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنْذِرِينَ وَأَنْزَلَ مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ فِيمَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ فِيهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوهُ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ﴿بقره:۲۱۳﴾

Humanity used to be one community; then God sent the prophets, bringing good news and giving warnings. And He sent down with them the Scripture, with the truth, to judge between people regarding their differences. But none differed over it except those who were given it—after the proofs had come to them—out of mutual envy between them.

It is exactly the same point. The evil people rise up against the light of the prophets, because their injustice and their evil ways are revealed in the light of truth:

2.    Piety after faith

Piety after faith means the practice of the religious orders and the commandments and desires of the Lord, and also it has wide range, which is mentioned in the Qur'an in two different levels of Perfect and Recognition:

Recognition level of piety

The primitive and lower level of piety, is that man should do his duties and leave the privileges as long as he can :

   فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ (تغابن:16)

So be conscious of God as much as you can

This verse gives man the command to afford and be able to observe piety as much as he can.

 

Perfect level of piety

Obedience to the commands of God, as worthy of God's position, is considered to be the highest rank of piety:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ (آل عمران:102)

O you who believe! Revere God with due reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.

Getting to this rank of worship and the peak of piety, of course, is not normal for people, without passing the stages of self-perfection and the path of journey to Allah. this is the same as the Prophet said this quote from the angels: " O God, you are pure and we did not worship you as we should. "

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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