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کد خبر : 255235
تاریخ انتشار : 4/21/2019 1:59:51 PM
تعداد بازدید : 143

Characteristic of the righteous (6)

Orator: ayatollah professor Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ

وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه

 

Fourth virtue: ignoring sins

 

غَضُّوا أَبْصَارَهُمْ عَمَّا حَرَّمَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ

They do what God has forbidden to them.

 

Avoiding sins and doing what is forbidden by God is considered the most obvious measure of virtue. The first stage of piety, which according to the Holy Qur'an is to keep away from the haram and fulfill divine obligations.

«فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ (تغابن:16)

So be conscious of God as much as you can

 

The higher the levels of human dignity increase, the more that they should avoid, which they have said:

حَسَناتُ الْأبرارِ سَیِّئاتُ الْمُقَرَّبینِ؛

The good deeds of good men are considered to be abominable for the people of God.

Because a person who is at the high level of virtue, naturally finds a place of influence among his or her community and also in society, and others take his way as a pattern for their life, and set his actions as examples. Such a person should avoid many things that are lawful (halal) to others.

On the other hand, as much as a person goes up in the levels of virtue and piety, he considers many of the affairs that are Mobah as haram for himself, because his heart does not neglected God's remembrance, and the mystic person seek constant attention to Allah. What enters to the heart through the eyes and ears makes life dependent on matter.

Human thoughts are rooted in his observation. What human sees influences in his soul and heart and carries his thought and attention, and such a human being loses the opportunity and the ability to fly in spirituality and will not have a way to heaven.

In the Holy Qur'an, Allah, in the form of an example, compares two kinds of human beings:

ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿زمر:۲۹﴾

God cites the example of a man shared by partners at odds, and a man belonging exclusively to one man. Are they equal in status? Praise be to God, but most of them do not know.

 

A person who does not care about the things that being imported to his heart and not protecting his eyes and ears is like a person whose sight and ears divert him to any different aspect of their own, and he will not have the senses that bring him to the perfection.

 

A person who is in the search of god and wants to reach the peak of perfection and spirituality, and get close to God, must make himself free from all these concerns and non-divine thoughts, and also give all of his attention to God.

 

The term "closing eyes" has been used in two verses of the Holy Quran, both of which refer to the relationship between men and women in society. The first verse is addressed to Muslim men, and the second verse addressed to Muslim women:

قُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَزْكَىٰ لَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ (نور:30)

Tell the believing men to restrain their looks, and to guard their privates. That is purer for them. God is cognizant of what they do.

 

وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَىٰ عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ (نور: 31)

And tell the believing women to restrain their looks, and to guard their privates, and not display their beauty except what is apparent thereof, and to draw their coverings over their breasts, and not expose their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, what their right hands possess, their male attendants who have no sexual desires, or children who are not yet aware of the nakedness of women. And they should not strike their feet to draw attention to their hidden beauty. And repent to God, all of you believers, so that you may succeed.

 

Some Points that should be noted about these two verses:

1.    In these verses, it first begins with men, and addresses them to preserve their eye from haram, and decree to maintain chastity, then he addresses the women and orders them to preserve the eyes and chastity, and clothe themselves with the appropriate cover.

This precedence has a special wisdom. In this way, the wisdom of divine command signifies that the lack of proper coverage by women is due to the lack of clarity of the eyes of the men.  As long as a men doesn’t seek for haram beauty of a women and doesn’t encourage other women to not to regard covering with his eye, the women in society doesn’t take an action to introduce her beauty. This case could be well seen in the issue of women's dressing and makeup in Western industrial societies, since men does not ask for a women’s beauty in the society, women also dont see the need of makeup and doesn’t make up herself in the society.

 

2.    It is understood from the interpretation of "ذلك أزكي لهم" that observance of this command leads to greater purity for human beings, and God observes the action of human beings.

The subject of this verse, which is the relationship between men and women, is not something a person wants to experience it, and after that looks at the horrendous results of it and then make a decision about it. In such a case, the method of experiencing causing irreparable maladaptation and because of that it should not be done, and this is the same mistake that thinkers of recent centuries committed in human societies. The Qur'an says that God, who is the creator of the human being and who knows him, gives such an order in controlling the relations between men and women, encourages the man and woman to observe the purity of eyes, chastity, and observance of the necessary coverage in the community. The exceptions stated in this verse show that the observance of divine orders will not cause hardship in the social relations of individuals. Muslim men and women can have a acceptable and complete social life by following these instructions, and also this method will be more effective for the clarity of the human community when we do the instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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