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کد خبر : 255495
تاریخ انتشار : 4/27/2019 10:03:00 AM
تعداد بازدید : 58

26.04.2019

Signs of a believer

Orator : Hojatoleslam Ansari

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 

الحمد لله ربّ العالمين و الحمد لله الذی لا مُضادّ له في مُلكه و لا مُنازِعَ لَهُ في أمره. الحمدالله الذی لا شريك لَهُ في خلقه ولا شبيه لَهُ في عَظَمَتِه (جزء من دعاء الإفتتاح) وصلّی الله علی سيدّنا ونبيّنا محمّد صلّی الله عليه و علی آله الطاهرين واصحابه المنتجبين.

 

عبادالله ! أُوصيكم و نفسي بتقوی الله و اتّباع امره و نهیه.

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I recommend your worshipers and myself to God's reverence.

The signs of a person with true faith and true Muslim can be found in the Holy Qur'an and narrations. In the Qur'an, a surah is called al-Muminun (the Believers), and some of the signs of a true Muslim in this surah are:

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ ﴿١﴾ الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ ﴿٢﴾ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ ﴿٣﴾ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِلزَّكَاةِ فَاعِلُونَ ﴿٤﴾ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَافِظُونَ ﴿٥﴾ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ أَزْوَاجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ ﴿٦﴾ فَمَنِ ابْتَغَىٰ وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ ﴿٧﴾ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ ﴿٨﴾ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ ﴿9﴾

Successful are the believers.Those who are humble in their prayers. Those who avoid nonsense.Those who work for charity.Those who safeguard their chastity. Except from their spouses, or their dependents—for they are free from blame.But whoever seeks anything beyond that—these are the transgressors.Those who are faithful to their trusts and pledges.Those who safeguard their prayers.

In our narrative books, a part is devoted to the attributes of the believer and And in some narratives, there are thirty or forty and sometimes one hundred signs for a believers. I have chosed a narration from Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him) that Imam Sajjad (as) says in this narration that the believer should be recognized at the nick of time. Examine the believer in five situation:

عَلاماتُ المُؤمِنِ خَمسٌ: اَلوَرعُ فِی الخَلوَة وَ الصَّدَقَةُ فِی القِلَّةِ، وَ الصَّبرُ عِندَ المُصیبَةِ وَ الحِلمُ عِندَ الغَضَبِ، وَ الصّدقُ عِندَ الخَوفِ.

He says that the believer has five signs:

1.    Piety in seclusion and loneliness

Usually Satan comes to man when he is alone. Because people are usually careful about their actions in the crowd, they do not go wrong and they are careful not to do a sin. Therefore, loneliness is the basis of sin.

Allameh Tabataba'i says that one day he went to his teacher Mr. Qazi and told him to give me some advice, because I intend to return to Qom and I will not return to Najaf. Mr. Qazi said: "Remember this verse until the end of your life, saying:

أَلَمْ يَعْلَم بِأَنَّ اللَّـهَ يَرَىٰ (علق، 14)

Does he not know that God sees?

How does the law control people and people fasten their seatbelt’s out of fear from the police while driving; and they control the speed of the the car because of the speed cameras. Man fears law and camera and police, but he does not fear of God!

67 times in the Qur'an "اتقوالله" has come. Quran repeats and reminds people to be careful and do not pollute the sin, especially in the privacy and alone time.

2.    Helping others at the time when you also need help

This is sacrifice. That is, the person himself needs help but prefers to help another. Hazrat Abbas (as) has seen water and was also thirsty but does not drink water. Hazrat Zahra (S) and his children are starving three nights so that the bread reaches the orphans and the poor.

3.    Patience in misery

This issue is abundant in the life of the Prophet and the Imams. The life of the world is full of ups and downs. One day it is in the interest of man, and one day it is in his disadvantage. Some humans are not tolerant. Unless their prayer are not grantd, they will be angry with God, as if they are creditors! And when they get sick or bored, they start complaining! The believer should not lose himself. Some of the tribulations are divine tests. Some are for the promotion of the degree and for the promotion of the believer.

4.    Patience at the time of anger.

The believer must have patience during anger. For example, when his wife tells him something, he can control himself, restrain himself and doesn’t become angry. An example of Ahl al-Bayt (as):

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One came to Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him), and said that we were somewhere and someone was saying something bad about you. Imam Sajjad has said that this is a tale-bearing and it is not permissible. In Surah al-Qalam, 9 groups are dangerous. One of them are :

مَّشَّاءٍ بِنَمِيمٍ

Backbiter, spreader of slander.

Imam Sajjad (as) went to that person and looked at that person. He said if what you said about me is true, God forgave me. And if it is not right, God forgives you. And then said goodbye. The surrounding people were surprised by Imam Sajjad (as). If we were, how would we deal with an issue like this ?

Many of the family disputes are due to the fact that there is no tolerance. So one person tells another something, he gets angry and it gets dangerous and leads to divorce. However, if one side comes down and shows itself patience and self-control and does not react in anger, it will not be a problem. It's not right to decide when you are angry, because anger and indignation are branches of madness and the source of many crimes is wrath.

5.    Telling the truth where it costs a lot for person.

Telling the truth at the time when it costs nothing for men is not a big deal. Although, a believer should always tell the truth. But it’s hard to tell the truth when it’s hard to tell it and when it costs something. A believer should always tell the truth, even when it is harmful for him. We ask God to adore us to the attributes of the believers and put us among the true believers.


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