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کد خبر : 256771
تاریخ انتشار : 6/3/2019 10:39:00 AM
تعداد بازدید : 82

Characteristic of righteous (14)

Orator: Ayatollah Professor Mofatteh

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه

 

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Eleventh Virtue: Tolerance with People

شُرُورُهُمْ مَأْمُونَةٌ

People are safe from their evil.

 

One of the basic problems of human societies, which is the source of many individual, ethnic, regional and global conflicts, is the lack of respect for the law, and the failure to respect the rights of other members of the human community. This problem is ahead of the spirit of the inherent exaggerate nature of mankind, which manifests itself in different forms in good individuals.  International organizations that have been established in history, such as the League of Nations, the United Nations, the International Organization for Human Rights, International Court of Justice in The Hague, are all based on the idea of defending the rights of the poor against the aggression and high demands of established oppressors. The failure of these organizations in their original goals is also in the same way as the intrinsic character of human beings.

The image that religious sources show us from believing humans is a human who pay attention to others rights and respects it. This attention to law and respect for the rights of others are observed in various narratives:

 

-أَمِيرُالْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ يَقُولُ سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَنْ صِفَةِ الْمُؤْمِنِ فَنَكَسَ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ رَفَعَهُ فَقَالَ: فِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عِشْرُونَ خَصْلَةً فَمَنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ فِيهِ لَمْ يَكْمُلْ إِيمَانُهُ، يَا عَلِيُّ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ... إِذَا وَعَدُوا لَمْ يُخْلِفُوا، وَ إِذَا اؤْتُمِنُوا لَمْ يَخُونُوا، وَ إِنْ تَكَلَّمُوا صَدَقُوا... لَا يُؤْذُونَ جَاراً وَ لَا يَتَأَذَّى بِهِمْ جَارٌ... (امالي صدوق؛ ص547)

 

Ayur-i-Mu'minin says that one day I asked the Prophet Muhammad about the attributes of a believer and he answered me: "There are twenty attributes for a faithful person, and if he does not have just one of those, he is not a believer. When they promise they don’t betray, and they do not betray the trust, and say the right word, and they are harmless for their neighbors.

The utopia that Islam portrays and demands is a society that makes its citizens such people. The space of such a human community will be full of safety, ease, social peace and comfort of life. The conflict over the lost and violated rights will not be among such a community.

 

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ : أَ لَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِالْمُؤْمِنِ، مَنِ ائْتَمَنَهُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ عَلَى أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَ أَمْوَالِهِمْ؛ أَ لَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِالْمُسْلِمِ مَنْ سَلِمَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ مِنْ لِسَانِهِ وَ يَدِهِ (محاسن برقی؛ ج1 ، ص285)

 

The Prophet said: "are you aware that the believer is the one whose people consider him to be truthful to their own life and property; are you aware that a Muslim is the one who other Muslims are secure from his language and deeds?

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In the point of view of the Prophet (pbuh), the value of tolerance and good behavior with the people, and relief in their actions, are considered beyond the jihad in the way of God. Abu Dharr, in a conversation with prophet, says:

 

I said, which of the acts is more beloved for God? He said: "Belief in God and then Jihad in the way of Allah.

I said: "Which of the Believers is most complete than others?" He said the one which his morals are better.

I said which of the believers is superior to all of them? He said the one that Muslims are secure from his deeds and tongue.

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On the contrary, about the worst people are narrated from the Prophet of Allah:

The Prophet said: Do you want me to introduce the worst of people?

The companions said yes O messenger of Allah

He said: He is one who hates people and people hate him too.

Then he said: "do you want me to introduce a worse case too?

 They said yes Prophet.

He said: "One who does not solve a problem of others, does not accept the excuse of others, and does not forgive wrong action of others."

Then he said: "Do you want a worse case?”

They said yes O prophet.

He said: “The One that people are not safe from his evil, and they have no hope of having a benefit from him."

 

قال رسول الله: إِنَّ شَرَّ النَّاسِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ مَنْزِلَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مَنْ تَرَكَهُ النَّاسُ اتِّقَاءَ شَرِّهِ (صحیح بخاری؛ ح5540)

The Prophet said: "The worst people for God on the Day of Judgment is a person who people avoid him because of his fear of evil.

 

A society in which citizens adhere to the teachings of the Holy Qur'an in their social relationships, which states:

يا أَيُّهَا الَّذينَ آمَنُوا أَوْفُوا بِالْعُقُودِ( مایده 1 )

O you who believe! Fulfill your commitments.

 

Or in another verse:

«قَدْ جاءَتْكُمْ بَيِّنَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ فَأَوْفُوا الْكَيْلَ وَ الْميزانَ وَ لا تَبْخَسُوا النَّاسَ أَشْياءَهُمْ؛( الاعراف 85)

 A clear proof has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and weight, and do not cheat people out of their rights

 

It will be a society full of intimacy and unity, free from any conflict, fights and trial. And if there is a dispute and a trial, if the citizens of the community are determined to act on the verses of the Holy Qur'an, where it says:

 

يا أَيُّهَا الَّذينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَداءَ لِلَّهِ وَ لَوْ عَلى‏ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوالِدَيْنِ وَ الْأَقْرَبينَ؛(نسا 135)

O you who believe! Stand firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even if against yourselves, or your parents, or your relatives.

 

It will not be difficult to resolve the dispute.

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