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کد خبر : 256796
تاریخ انتشار : 6/7/2019 3:30:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 21

07.06.2019

Characteristic of righteous (15)

Orator: Ayatollah Professor Mofatteh

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه


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Twelfth Virtue: Not to be lazy

 

أَجْسَادُهُمْ نَحِيفَةٌ

The body of people of pious is frail.

 

The weakness of the body, which Amir al-Momenin expresses in virtue of pious, does not mean that they are weak to do something. In another word, Amir al-Mu'minin says in the description of "friend of God":

وَ كَانَ ضَعِيفاً مُسْتَضْعَفاً

He was not weak

But the statement goes on:

فَإِنْ جَاءَ الْجِدُّ فَهُوَ لَيْثُ غَابٍ وَ صِلُّ وَادٍ

When the time was serious, he was like a forest lion and a desert snake.

Disability is not a virtue that amir al-Momenin praise people of pious because of it.

Prophet Muhammad says:

المؤمن القوی خیر و أحب الی الله من المؤمن الضعیف؛

For God, a strong Mumin is better and more beloved than the weak Mumin.

Of course, financial disability and physical disability are sometimes considered to be blessings and good because one can not oppress others and eliminate their rights.

Yes, the lack of force and power to harass people is a blessing, and it's a good thing, but it is not a virtue.

The person who have eyes and does not look haram, or someone who has a tongue and does not lie or does not do other sins that are related to tongue, this is the exact meaning of virtue.

Shahid Motahari says: when you don’t have the power to hurt, that’s not a big deal, the main point is that when you have the power, at the same time you don’t hurt anyone. (Morteza Motahari, Moral Philosophy, pp. 149-150)

So here, when Imam Ali is expressing the virtues of piety, we should not see weakness in the sense of disability. And also it should not be understood as being thin in the body, because it is lean or fatness, which is neither virtue nor a vice.

The proper meaning of being thin in this word of Amir al-Mu'minīn and weakness in his other word, both of which are as expressions of virtue, must be understood as not to be in a denial body building. Because there is also two forms of body building: deprecate and praiseworthy.


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Praiseworthy body building

 

Physical training with sports and sports is one of the things that are very much considered in Islam and an independent discussion of jurisprudence has been dedicated a part to it. Imam Sadeq informs about the sporting events with the presence and encouragement of the Messenger of Allah:

ان رسول الله سابق بین الخیل وأعطی السوابق من عنده؛

The Prophet would throw competition among horse riders, and giving the winners the prize himself.

Amir al-Mu'minin considers the harshness to the body unprotected and says:

 

ان نفسک مطیتک ان أجهدتها قتلتها وان رفقت بها أبقیتها؛

Your body is like your riding compound. You will kill it if you overpower it, and you will save it when you tolerate with it.

 

Deprecate body building

 

The term deprecate is usually used for this kind of thing. Mollycoddle and uplifting and intolerant of the hardships needed to achieve the high goals and prosperity are examples of this kind of body building.

This type of bodywork in the words of the  Prophet is considered to be a concern that they have expressed about the Ummah of Islam:

ثَلاثٌ أَخَافُهُنَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِي مِنْ بَعْدِي الضَّلالَةُ بَعْدَ الْمَعْرِفَةِ وَمَضَلاَّتُ الْفِتَنِ وَشَهْوَةُ الْبَطْنِ وَالْفَرْجِ؛ (کافی:ج2، ص79)

There are three things that I am afraid of after myself to my Ummah: A misleading after knowledge and misleading trials and lust of the abdomen and sexual lust.

 

أَكْثَرُ مَا تَلِجُ بِهِ أُمَّتِي النَّارَ الاَجْوَفَانِ الْبَطْنُ وَالْفَرْجُ؛(کافی:ج2، ص64)

The greatest thing that my nation enters into the fire of hell because of them are two things: abdomen and genital organ.

Resisting to Deprecate body building  and resisting the unnecessary physical pleasures is the basis of human excellence and advancement in the moral aspects of spirituality.

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