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کد خبر : 257077
تاریخ انتشار : 6/18/2019 12:07:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 62

14.06.2019

Characteristic of righteous (16)

Orator: Ayatollah Professor Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ

 قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه


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Thirteenth of Virtue: abstemiousness in the world

 

حَاجَاتُهُمْ خَفِیفَةٌ

The needs of pious people are small.

 

According to this saying of Amir al-Mu'minin, one of the virtues of the people of pious is that they are connected to abstemiousness in this world, they have no attachment to the blessings of this world, and also they are fleeing from it. This abstemiousness and avoidance of the blessings of the world is divided into two stages:

 

First stage: abstemiousness beside the passion for the world

 

At this stage, the pious man walks out of the world and its merciful pleasures, while his soul is passionate about the world. In this regard, in spite of the interest in the world and its blessings, man chooses the path of contentment and abstemiousness; in the case of those with faith, this supreme goal is God's satisfaction and proximity to God, and in the case of non-believers like the congregation of the fakirs, their goal is to strengthen the will and do extraordinary things. In both of these people, there are two sides that in the time of comparing prefers one another to the other.

Of course, this stage of abstemiousness in the use of worldly blessings and not to lavish is a moral virtue, and it requires ambition and will. Man is always overwhelming, and the untreated soul of Adam will not be convinced in any way and with anything. Prophet Muhammad says about this character:

 

  لَوْ کَانَ لِابْنِ آدَمَ وَادیَانِ مِنْ مَالٍ لَإبْتَغَی وَادِیَاً ثَالِثاً وَلَا يَمْلَأُ نَفْسَ ابْنِ آدَمَ إِلَّا التُّرَابُ (صحیح مسلم: حدیث1048)

If man has two plains full of wealth, he will seek a third plain of wealth. The abdomen of Adam will not be filled with anything other than the soil.

Sa'di quotes a highly informative story of merchant, who had long aspirations and desires, and takes a similar result that nothing will fill human being.

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Second stage: abstemiousness without the passion for the world

 

In this order of abstemiousness, there are essentially no two sides that we could compare and calculate and to prefer one side to the other, and to walk away from the blessings of the world in order to achieve a superior goal, but there is only one side, and that one side is absolutely God.

For example sometimes we pass through a restaurant with colorful and delicious food that we have the desire for eating it, but because of fasting or the non-halalness of the food, we will hardly and with pressure go back to the abstemiousness about it, and We avoid eating it, but when we pass by the garbage we do not at all have the tendency to eat them, so that we have a higher goal to ignore it. Having abstemiousness and  getting away from garbage means that we do not value it, so we can ignore it with effort and self-control.

The relation of the world to God in the eyes of the mystic and high faith human is the relation between being and non-being. In the eyes of the people of pious, the world is not even at the level of the garbage, but at all, there is nothing to be crave about.  The people of piety do not see anything other than God in their hearts to love it or not, and to do abstemiousness for it.

لَیْسَ فِي الدَّارِ غَیْرُهُ دَیَّارٌ!

We should pray and demand god to give us such a look and seeing to see that there really is nothing but God.

This position is the same as in the words of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him). One of the companions quoted Imam as saying to him:

 

What is the meaning of Allah Akbar?

I said God is bigger than everything.

He said: Is there something that God is bigger than that?

I said: what then?

He said: God is greater than that which is to be described.

 

The Holy Quran illustrates the man's devotion to worldly blessings and his neglect of the temporary and unstable nature of it:

إِنَّمَا مَثَلُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَاءٍ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَاخْتَلَطَ بِهِ نَبَاتُ الْأَرْضِ مِمَّا يَأْكُلُ النَّاسُ وَالْأَنْعَامُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَخَذَتِ الْأَرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا وَازَّيَّنَتْ وَظَنَّ أَهْلُهَا أَنَّهُمْ قَادِرُونَ عَلَيْهَا أَتَاهَا أَمْرُنَا لَيْلًا أَوْ نَهَارًا فَجَعَلْنَاهَا حَصِيدًا كَأَنْ لَمْ تَغْنَ بِالْأَمْسِ كَذَلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ ﴿یونس:۲۴﴾

 

The likeness of the present life is this: water that We send down from the sky is absorbed by the plants of the earth, from which the people and the animals eat. Until, when the earth puts on its fine appearance, and is beautified, and its inhabitants think that they have mastered it, Our command descends upon it by night or by day, and We turn it into stubble, as if it had not flourished the day before. We thus clarify the revelations for people who reflect.

 

According to the words of Allah in the Holy Qur'an, which says:

 

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ تَتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَكُمْ فُرْقَانًا (انفال 29)

O you who believe! If you remain conscious of God, He will give you a criterion

 

The pious people have truth seeing eyes, and whoever eyes sees see the truth of this world, he finds worldly blessings like the floor of the sea, which has neither content nor persistence. And the martyrs of Karbala in the words of Rumi have such a truth seeing eyes.

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