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کد خبر : 257371
تاریخ انتشار : 6/26/2019 2:49:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 151

21.06.2019

Characteristic of righteous (17)

Orator: Ayatollah Professor Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ

 قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه

 

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The Fourteenth Virtue: The Self-chastity

اَنْفُسُهُمْ عَفیفَة

The soul of pious people is with chastity.

 

One of the virtues of piety in the words of Amir al-Momenin is the chastity of women. Here are some points about this matter to note:

 

1.    The meaning of chastity and its connection with hijab

 

Chastity means continence, and continence men and women are people who are the protectors of their own deeds from being haram. There is no doubt that hijab exists for men and women as a divine ordinance, which guarantees the health of social relationships, the consolidation of family ties and the consolidation of chastity among the people of the community, but there must be no confusion between hijab and chastity. A person with a hijab is not necessarily with chastity, and also a person without hijab is not necessarily without chastity. There are so many men and women that are dressed with hijab, but they are not chastity, and so many people who do not have the hijab and cover, but they are full of chastity.

Of course, it should not be mistaken and it must not be said that only a hijab is necessary or only chastity. No, both the hijab and the cover of ladies and gentlemen are necessary and divine and part of our religion, and chastity is both necessary and obligatory.

 

2.    Levels of chastity

Chastity is twofold: the chastity of appearance, and the inner chastity.



Chastity of appearance

The chastity of appearance is that all parts of the the human body are clean and with chastity, do not go to any place and do not do anything, a language that does not spoil, and an eye that does not spoil, and deeds that are not getting close to haram. This is a high rank and a great step and the Holy Qur'an in Sura al-Ma'arij describes the "Mosalin" attributes of those whom Allah has identified as prayers and whose prayers are acceptable to God:

الَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَافِظُونَ؛ إِلَّا عَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ﴿معارج:۲۹-30﴾

 And those who guard their chastity. Except from their spouses or those living under their control, for then they are free of blame.

The same interpretation is used in another Sura of the Holy Qur'an in the attributes of "believers", those whom God has recognized as believers and who have accepted their faith. (al-Muminun 5-6)

Amir al-Mu'minin says about people with chastity:

مَا الْمُجَاهِدُ الشَّهِيدُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَعْظَمَ أَجْراً مِمَّنْ قَدَرَ فَعَفَّ؛ لَكَادَ الْعَفِيفُ أَنْ يَكُونَ مَلَكاً مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ

The fighter in the way of Allah who gets martyred would not get a greater reward than he who remains chaste despite means. It is possible that a chaste person may become one of the angels.


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Inner chastity

The inner dignity and chastity is that humans do not get frustrated in their thoughts. In a narration that Jesus said:

Moses bin Imran ordered you not to commit adultery, and I command you not to think about adultery in your mind, because anyone who thinks of adultery is like someone who illuminate a fire in a beautiful building that is colored, and then the smoke will destroy the color of the building although it appears to be a proper home from outside.

One of the Companions of the Prophet (pbuh) quotes that a person came to the service of the Prophet (pbuh) and asked a series of questions from the him, including a question about the way of greatness of Accessory.

  قال: أحب أن يوسع الله عليَّ في الرزق؟

 

قال ﷺ: أدم على الطهارة يوسع الله عليك في الرزق.

He Said: I want God to develop my accessory [What should I do]?

The Prophet said: Always be cleansed so that God will develop your accessory.

According to the words of the Prophet, the maintenance and durability of cleanness will expand and develop the accessory. Therefore, it can be said that preserving apparent purity and always having ablution causes development and opening up of apparent accessory, and maintaining the purity and inner dignity will open up and develop the inner accessory of men.

At the time of death, the coverings that people put on them self and cover of their inner believe will be eliminated, and everyone will go to the other world with their heart and inner thoughts.


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