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کد خبر : 259195
تاریخ انتشار : 9/7/2019 2:10:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 90

30.08.2019

Characteristic of righteous (22)

Orator: Hojjatoleslam Prof. Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم 


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه


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19th Virtue: being cured by Quran

یَحَزُنُونَ بِهِ أَنْفُسَهُمْ، وَ یَسْتَثِیرُونَ بِهِ دَوَاءَ دَائِهِمْ

creating through it grief for themselves and seeking by it the cure for their ailments.

 

 The eighteen virtue that we have saw in the word of amir al-mumenin were reciting and reading Qur’an by the righteous and believers. And now Imam refers to healing from the Qur'an in the 19th virtue of the righteous. According to Amir al-Mu'minin, the treatment of the righteous with Qur'an is same as a healing prescription that one needs to find a cure for their ailments with a keen and careful reading. Such a human when he comes to every verse, feels as if the verse has been revealed to him right now, and considers himself to be the addressee of that verse, so Imam ali continued in his speech to speak of such people when they Recite Quran and says:

 

فَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِآیَةٍ فِیهَا تَشْوِیقٌ رَکَنُوا إِلَیْهَا طَمَعاً وَ تَطَلَّعَتْ نُفُوسُهُمْ إِلَیْهَا شَوْقاً وَ ظَنُّوا أَنَّهَا نُصْبُ أَعْیُنِهِمْ

If they come across a verse creating eagerness (for Paradise) they pursue it avidly, and their spirits turn towards it eagerly, and they feel as if it is in front of them.

The people of righteous are greedy when they read a verse in which God has encouraged human beings, such as the verses of Paradise in which the blessings of Paradise are mentioned, and God promises that if you observe the necessities and prohibitions, You will reach blessings, and they desire to reach that place by observing the divine worship.

 

وَ إِذَا مَرُّوا بِآیَةٍ فِیهَا تَخْوِیفٌ أَصْغَوْا إِلَیْهَا مَسَامِعَ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَ ظَنُّوا أَنَّ زَفِیرَ جَهَنَّمَ وَ شَهِیقَهَا فِی أُصُولِ آذَانِهِمْ

And when they come across a verse which contains fear (of Hell) they bend the ears of their hearts towards it, and feel as though the sound of Hell and its cries are reaching their ears.

 

And when they read a verse in which there is oppression and threatening, and God frightens people away from obeying his orders, these people listen to the verse with their heart to see what it says, and they enter the verse into their hearts, and fearing that maybe they will be tormented by opposition to divine piety.

فَهُمْ حَانُونَ عَلَى أَوْسَاطِهِمْ مُفْتَرِشُونَ لِجِبَاهِهِمْ وَ أَکُفِّهِمْ وَ رُکَبِهِمْ وَ أَطْرَافِ أَقْدَامِهِمْ

They bend themselves from their backs, prostrate themselves on their foreheads, their palms, their knees and their toes

So what does a men do when his praying? He first stands on his feet, then bends over, bends his back, lifts his head after bowing, puts his forehead on the ground, knees his knees, drops his fingers on the ground, and bows down. That is to say, the people of piety have the same feelings of praying when they reading Quran.

 

یَطْلُبُونَ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فِی فَکَاکِ رِقَابِهِمْ

 and beseech Allah, the Sublime, for their deliverance.

Believers worship God and demand freedom from what God does not want believers to suffer.

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The secret of the sadness of the pious

A man's distancing from God and not attaining his rightful place of servitude create sadness and discomfort at the heart of pious, which, in the words of Amir al-Mu'minin, is more unbearable than the torment of hellfire:

 

فَهَبْنِي يَا إِلهِي وَسَيِّدِي وَمَوْلاَيَ وَرَبِّي، صَبَرْتُ عَلَىٰ عَذَابِكَ، فَكَيْفَ أَصْبِرُ عَلَىٰ فِرَاقِكَ،

My God, maybe I could bear your torment, but how could I tolerate your parting.

Perhaps the secrets of the nightly cries of the Prophet and the Imams in their secret and mystical needs for divine help can be understood with the same grief and sorrow. The sadness that is found in the poems of mystic poets is rooted in this sense of separation.

A virtuous person who goes through the stages of approaching God and attaining the status of meeting God is grieving that he would not lose the pleasure of joining the righteousness and again parting. A mystic Seeker when he reaches his beloved, his joy is beside the grief of parting, but the grief that engulfs his life like a nightmare and annoys him, doesn’t have the hope no longer, and so it is more Painful for him.

The more man climbs the ladder of knowledge and piety, the more dreadfully he will fall down. The Holy Qur'an introduces Balm Baura, who had reached to a high position by piety, but he was enticed by Satan and fell to the ground:

 

وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ الَّذِي آتَيْنَاهُ آيَاتِنَا فَانْسَلَخَ مِنْهَا فَأَتْبَعَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَكَانَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ ﴿اعراف:۱۷۵﴾

And relate to them the story of him to whom We delivered Our signs, but he detached himself from them, so Satan went after him, and he became one of the perverts.

A person with piety is worried about the great danger that threatens him, the word that is attributed to the Prophet (although there are some problems in attributing this word  to the Prophet) says that:

النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ مَوْتَى إِلا الْعَالِمُونَ، وَالْعَالِمُونَ كُلُّهُمْ هَلْكَى إِلا الْعَامِلُونَ، وَالْعَامِلُونَ كُلُّهُمْ غَرْقَى إِلا الْمُخْلِصُونَ، وَالْمُخْلِصُونَ عَلَى خَطَرٍ عَظِيمٍ

All the people will die except the scholars, and all the scholars will perish except the executives, and all executives will perish except the sincere, and the sincere are in great danger. "

This is a source of great concern and sadness.

The meaning of grieving the soul with the Holy Quran is that the qurab receiters, by reciting the Qur'an and thinking on its meanings, prevent their neglect and forgetfulness, and they always keep two sorrows alive before and after joining the Truth.



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