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کد خبر : 259786
تاریخ انتشار : 9/27/2019 2:24:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 124

Characteristic of righteous (24)

Orator: Hojjatoleslam Prof. Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ

 قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه


Twenty-first Virtue: Righteous Charity


 وَ أَمَّا النَّهَارَ فَحُلَمَاءُ عُلَمَاءُ، أَبْرَارٌ أَتْقِیَاءُ،

By day, they are tolerant scientists are virtuous benefactors.

Righteous charity is the twenty-first virtue that the Amir al-Mu'minin gives to the virtuous. The Prophet (peace be upon him) says in the signs of Abrar and the righteous:

But the sign of the righteous person is ten things: 1- He loves for God 2- He makes enemies because of God 3- He talks for God 4- And separates for God 5- And he will be angry because of God 6- And he Satisfies for God 7- he acts for God 8- he Asks for Approaching to god 9- and humiliates while he is fearful, pure, and caring 10- and he does beneficence for God

beneficence is defined as "the spreading of the good" and the central meaning of the word is the beneficence is "being good to everyone ", and this meaning varies with regard to the difference of persons, subjects, and things, such as God's beneficence for servants is grace and mercy which is for them as a pardon for theire sins and the beneficence of the servant in the presence of God is to obey and to perform the duties of servitude.


The beneficence of the father for the children is the upbringing and care of his children and to fulfil their needs and the child's beneficence for father is service, humility and mercy.


Beneficence and virtue


In the verses of the Qur'an, "Beneficence" or its derivatives are mentioned together with the article "piety". Some commentators consider the two words to have a single meaning; some interpret the two as different but complement each other, thereby enabling beneficence to do good things, such as doing righteousness, obeying good deeds, and doing divine commandments and piety   as avoiding sins, not doing bad deeds and to avoid from divine punishment.

beneficence and piety are different in concept, but they are equal in representation, because beneficence is also an example of piety, and vice versa. Virtue encompasses all instances of beneficence, but whenever it is beside the word beneficence, beneficence signifies the positive aspect and piety refers to the negative aspect.


Abrar (Benefactors) in the Quran

The concept of goodness in the culture of the Quran is the most general concept in the field of moral acts, and in particular "optional acts". The Quranic concept of goodness and benefactors is detailed in this divine verse:


Righteousness does not consist of turning your faces towards the East and the West. But righteous is he who believes in God, and the Last Day, and the angels, and the Scripture, and the prophets. Who gives money, though dear, to near relatives, and orphans, and the needy, and the homeless, and the beggars, and for the freeing of slaves; those who perform the prayers, and pay the obligatory charity, and fulfill their promise when they promise, and patiently persevere in the face of persecution, hardship, and in the time of conflict. These are the sincere; these are the pious.

The attributes of the benefactors in this verse include three levels of belief, ethics, and practice. The Almighty God has interpreted goodness in his word as faith and benevolence in worship and transactions.


Benefactors (abrars) beliefs and faith

The highest dignity of the human being is his beliefs and beliefs; hence, the Qur'an, when counting the virtues of the righteous, after rejecting the wrong aspects of righteousness, began to derive their beliefs and, as a definition of righteousness, deviated from that definition, instead defining the righteous. And that means that a concept without representation has no effect and virtue. The Qur'an points out in this way that charity is mixed with soul of benefactors, so that the factor and action are united with each other . The beliefs of the righteous are explained in this verse:

Faith in Origin and Resurrection

The Almighty God began with faith in God and in the hereafter in explaining the goodness of the benefecators, because it is the basis of all goodness and the origin of all beneficence. And faith is not the root of beneficence, unless it is firmly grounded in the human being with proof and with humility and acknowledgment.

Faith in Angels:

Angels are the mediators of God's grace and the planner of things, so faith in them is necessary for the thanksgiving of mediating blessings, just as the thankfulness of God is at the origin of all blessings.


Faith in the divine Mission and holy books

By this interpretation, faith in the mission of all the divine prophets and their scriptures, and faith in them, requires their guidance, and the secret that the believers and the righteous, especially the righteous, believe in all the apostles and all the scriptures, That is, all the Shari'ahs are the same in the principles of the general doctrine.


Ethics of benefactors (Abrar)

Honesty: Benefactors who have faith in the five principles of faith, give charity in the above six cases, they pray, they pay zakat and fulfill the three pacts, and in the three cases of patience wait patiently. And they are steadfast, they are true to their faith.

Pietism: Benefactors who believe in religion and use their wealth to help the needy; both perform their religious and social duties and persevere in the fight against the enemies of religion, are true pious virtues.

Faithfulness: Although faith in the covenant is absolute in this verse, and includes every covenant and obligation, It does not include faith and adherence to its decrees, because adherence to its faith and its provisions is not limited to a specific time.

Patience: Two ethics of loyalty and patience, one of which (patience) demands stability and the other (loyality) belongs to movement, does not hold all good ethics;  But when both come true, other good ethics will come true.





















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