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کد خبر : 263696
تاریخ انتشار : 12/2/2019 5:59:00 PM
تعداد بازدید : 82


Characteristic of righteous (35)

Orator: Hojjatoleslam Prof. Mofatteh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ بِجَمِیعِ مَحَامِدِه کُلِّهَا عَلَی جَمِیعِ نِعَمِهِ کُلِّهَا... اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ مالِکِ الْمُلْکِ مُجْرِی الْفُلْکِ مُسَخِّرِ الرِّیاحِ فالِقِ الاْصْباحِ دَیّانِ الدّینِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمینَ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی حِلْمِهِ بَعْدَ عِلمِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی عَفْوِهِ بَعْدَ قُدْرَتِهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ عَلی طُولِ اَناتِهِ فی غَضَبِهِ وَهُوَ قادِرٌ عَلی ما یُریدُ

ثم الصلاه و السلام علی محمد عبده و رسوله ارسله بالهدی و دین الحق لیظهره علی الدین کله و لو کره المشرکون

اوصیکم عبادالله و نفسی بتقوی الله و اتباع امره و نهیه، و اخوفکم من عقابه


The seventh sign of the Righteous:

وَخُشُوعاً فِي عِبَادَةٍ

And humbleness in worship.

Humility is the presence of the heart combined with humbleness,and respect, The people of piety in their prayers are all concerned with the inner and truth of the prayer. Humility is accompanied by fear, and it is atrocity against which the heart is cruel and ineffective.

Humiliation in the word means fear mixed with bow, and in a sense it is said to be as if someone had been confronted with a sultan so that all his attention was focused on him and that he was cut off everywhere. The Prophet of God was asked: What is humility? And he answered:

التّوَاضُعُ في الصَّلاةِ، وَ أن يُقْبِلَ الْعَبْدُ بِقَلْبِهِ كُلِّهِ عَلَى رَبِّهِ

Humility in prayer And that man should pay attention to God with all his heart. "(Bahar al-Anwar, vol. 81, p. 264)

Humiliation in the Qur'an and Hadith

Holly Quran describes a virtue of a true pious person in Humbleness at prayers and says:

قَدْ اَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ؛ الَّذِینَ هُمْ فِی صَلاتِهِمْ خاشِعُونَ (مؤمنون:۱-۲)

Successful are the believers. Those who are humble in their prayers.

When the believer is in a state of humiliation, his works appear in his body and organs and in his whole being immersed in love and righteousness throughout his existence and his body in harmony with every worship. Holly Quran says:

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ اَحْسَنَ الْحَدِیثِ کِتاباً مُتَشابِهاً مَثانِیَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِینَ یَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِینُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَ قُلُوبُهُمْ اِلی ذِکْرِ اللَّهِ (زمر:۲۳)

God has sent down the best of narrations: A Scripture consistent and paired. The skins of those who reverence their Lord shiver from it, then their skins and their hearts soften up to the remembrance of God.


It is important that the body and the soul must both be humble before God, because humility of heart also results in humiliation of the organs, as amir al-muminin said (peace be upon him):


لِیَخْشَعْ لِلّهِ سُبْحَانَهُ قَلْبُکَ، فَمَنْ خَشَعَ قَلْبُهُ خَشَعَتْ جَمِیعُ جَوَارِحِه (غررالحکم، ج۵، ص۴۶۰)  

Your heart must be humbled for God, and the one whose heart is humbled, all of his organs will be humble.

The humiliation without heart is just a manifestation of humiliation and a form of hypocrisy that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said should be avoided:


إیّاکُمْ وَ تَخَشّعِ النّفَاقِ وَ هُو أنْ یُرَی الْجَسَدُ خَاشِعاً وَ الْقَلْبُ لَیْسَ بِخَاشِعٍ؛ ( بحارالانوار، ج۷۴، ص۱۶۴(

Avoid hypocritical humiliation, which means that the organs of the body are humble but the heart is not.


Humbleness of the pious

They have the finest example of humility in all matters of life, especially during worship. Those great men are humble before God alone. God sent Moses and Aaron this revelation:

إنّمَا یَتَزَیّنُ لي أوْلِیَائي بِالذّلِّ وَ الْخُشُوعِ وَ الْخَوْفِ

My friends talk to me with humiliation and fear.

While praying, the Prophet of God would change his face color from the fear of God and a burning sound would be heard from him (Falah al-Sa'al, p. 6).

During prayer and worship, Amir al-Mu'minins body shaked  and his face color changed (Bahar al-Anwar, vol. 1, p. 3).

Imam Sadeq (as) quotes his father Imam Baqir (as):

کَانَ عَلِیُّ بن الحُسَینِ إذَا قَامَ في الصَّلاةِ کَأنّهُ سَاقُ شَجَرَةٍ لا یَتَحَرّکُ مِنْهُ شَیءٌ إلّا مَا حَرّکَت الرّیحُ مِنهُ (بحارالانوار، ج۸۱، ص۲۴۸)

Imam Sajjad (pbuh) was like a tree stump when he prayed, and no part of his body or clothes would move except the amount of wind that was moving.

Worship requires humility

Worship is valuable when it is done with complete care and humility, and otherwise unselfish worship is only a cessation of duty and indicates that its owner lacks strong faith and certainty. Imam Sadeq (peace be upon him) says:

لا إیمَانَ إلّا بِالْعَمَلِ وَ لا عَمَلَ إلّا بِالْیَقِینِ وَ لا یَقِینَ إلّا بِالْخُشُوعِ (بحارالانوار، ج۷۸، ص۳۰)

Faith is not valuable except by action, and action is not accepted except by certainty, and certainty does not exist unless there is humility.

Barriers to humiliation

The greatest obstacle to humility in prayer and forgetting God is to depart from the Qur'an and to commit sins, which the believers must strictly avoid. It should also refrain from doing things that, while not sinful in appearance, can produce atrocities in the heart or deter people from paying attention to worship and humility.

لا یَعْبَث الرَّجُلُ في صَلَاتِهِ بِلِحْیَتِهِ وَ لا بِمَا یَشْغَلُهُ عَنْ صَلَاتِهِ (بحارالانوار، ج۸۱، ص۲۳۹)

A man should not play in prayer with his beard and whatever deters him from paying attention to prayer.

The Holy Quran warns the believers about the danger that the heart will not be humbled and says:

أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَمَا نَزَلَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَلَا يَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَطَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَمَدُ فَقَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَكَثِيرٌ مِنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ (حدید:۱۶)

Is it not time for those who believe to surrender their hearts to the remembrance of God, and to the truth that has come down, and not be like those who were given the Book previously, but time became prolonged for them, so their hearts hardened, and many of them are sinners?

In the commentary of this verse, Allameh Tabatabai says: This verse is a tribute to the believers because of the atrocities which their hearts have and because of that mentioning god will not be with humbleness... Almighty God has pointed out in this word that the hearts of Muslims Like the hearts of the former Ummahs, it has suffered atrocities, and because the heart of the a cruel person is out of reverence for righteousness, humility, and influence, it does not bother with divine sins and commits sin and corruption with fearlessness. (Translation of the Interpretation of Almizan, vol. 19, p. 284)









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