Islamic Center Hamburg
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NewsID : 54706
Date of publication : 7/2/2014 9:26:51 PM
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The Imam of the mosque and the manager of the Islamic centre of Hamburg Hazrat Mr. Ayatollah Dr. Remezani

the recognition of the IslamIslamic Studies 111- the Islam and the religion5Sharia 5

In the name of God, the Compassionate and the Merciful and the Compassionate

As it was said in previous matters, the sharia is necessary in the Islam because human need complete rules called as '' sharia'' in order to train individuals and the society appropriately. The most important direction in the philosophy of the sharia is that human should not be left freely and they should have obligations and duties because if human does not get familiar with the right path of the life, they will go awry. Therefore, the philosophy of the presence of God's prophets was to guide human and show them the right path. This blessing was granted to human by the exalted God and they should try to walk through this path. Hence, we should thank the great God and worship God for consistency in this choice and path and express to him

 

      « اهدنا الصراط المستقیم »[1]

It has been clear so far that the sharia of God is the same as the rules for saving and guiding human so that they can achieve happiness of the world and the doomsday and this is considered as a tradition from the exalted God to all human beings. On one hand, God created human and devoted talents in the inner of human and on the other hand, he sent the prophets that had the sharia, followed it and  guided human in the right path so that they did not go astray and wrong.                       

 Now we should answer this question '' if there were not any rules and the sharia and human did not have any obligations to fulfill, what would happen to human?

 We can answer it in this way '' if the exalted God had not determined the path for human through the prophets, in fact, he would have left them in their own ways.

  Leaving human in the world makes them do bad actions and such thing from God is vulgar and ugly and God is never described in such affairs. Therefore, deceased Allame Hilli expresses in this case '' if the exalted God does not determine any obligations for the human beings that have the conditions of obligations, puberty, power and choice, he has led human to do vulgar actions. There is no question that leading human to do vulgar actions is vulgar and it is deserved to be censured and such a thing is vulgar and impossible from the exalted God[2]. In other words, if God does not determine the sharia and obligations, he has done a vulgar action and human beings are obliged to do vulgar actions. The explanation of the matter is that the exalted God has created human in this way: on one hand, he has granted them wisdom, will and conscience and on the other hand, he has established desires and rebellious instincts. These desires of human always tend toward lust and do not care about virtues and perfections that are difficult to acquire. Hence, if God does not have human do affairs that are in their favor and he does not prevent them from doing affairs that have evil consequences, a person will not have any motivations for giving up temporary desires. Hence, obligations that are the  divine sharia train human to live like Muslims and to deal with social and personal corruptions and not be in the consequences of disobeying the orders of God.

 

This is very a important point, to pay attention at, in the philosophy of the  sharia.  Such an expression is confirmed with narrations as Amir Al-Momenin (peace be upon him) states '' tendency toward good actions and virtues and achievement in perfections and moral principles are so difficult, but they can save human in the world. However, doing vices is very easy, but they can be deadly and pernicious.[3]

It has also been said in another Hadith that human beings should lead their souls towards perfection and virtues, but towards vices, the soul acts involuntarily and there is no need for any effort. In other words, enjoying material pleasures are available in the world. Promises for the heaven and the hell are free. Hence, if the sharia of God did not exist seriously in this world in order to guide human, most of people would not ignore the material enjoyments that are easily acquired; therefore, the divine sharia  and obligations have a vital role in preventing from vices. Human beings have been told that this is the promise of God. It means that God that is powerful, knowledgeable and wise can implement whatever he promises. Hence, the prophets came to announce human that they should follow the rule and the sharia of God seriously and fulfill the obligations of God so that they do not lose their chances in life. To conclude, it can be expressed that the sharia and the rules of God are the means of the religious growth of human and of receiving the precious reward of the doomsday. Moreover, the sharia and the rule of God organizes the social system on the basis of justice , trains the anger and the lust of human and controls them and it also provides a chance that human can recognize the purpose of the creation of the world that is worshiping and approaching God.                                 

 


1. Fatehe Al-Ketab Surah ( verse 5)

2. Al-Dalil Ala Vojub Al-Taklif Anah…Alame Hilli; Kashf Al-Morad Fi Sharh Tajrid Al-Eteghad p 350

3. Ali (PBUH) Al-Ertegha Ela Al-Fazael …Ghorar Al-Hakam translated by Muhammad Ali Ansari ;Hadith 1179   and 1118


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