Whatever is considered as rules in the Islam has advisability. Even when two rules are in contrast with each other, advisability is considered. For example, when a person is obliged to fulfill two different actions, saving the life of a person and preserving the wealth of the person, if there is a dilemma in saving the life of a person and preserving his wealth, saving his life will be prior to preserving his wealth according to the advisability of practical wisdom.
In the name of God the Merciful and the Compassionate
لله ربّ العالمين و الحمد لله الذی لا مُضادّ له في مُلكه و لا مُنازِعَ لَهُ في
أمره. الحمدالله الذی لا شريك لَهُ في خلقه و لا شبيه لَهُ في عَظَمَتِه (جزء من
دعاء الإفتتاح) وصلّی الله علی سيدّنا ونبيّنا محمّد صلّی الله عليه وعلی آله
الطاهرين واصحابه المنتجبين.
عبادالله ! أُوصيكم و نفسي بتقوی الله و
اتّباع امره و نهیه.
of important matters that should be discussed in jurisprudence science in a
specialized and detailed way is advisability in the rules and regulations of
God and the rules of God are according to their advantages and disadvantages
for the obliged. This means that exalted God has determined some rules without
specific causes and logical reasons. In fact, this is in contrast with the
infinite wisdom and science of God. Hence, all of scientists and experts in all
of the Islamic religions emphasize on advisability in an independent way with
exalted God has determined the religious rules based on the benefits and
disadvantages of persons and has considered them as regulations. Although there
are disagreements in relation to the source of advisability of the religious
rules from logical aspects or religious ones, all of scientists have accepted
it. Of course, it is absolutely clear that since God has created all of means
for the growth of human, has send the prophets to guide human, has descended
heavenly books and has had affection and kindness toward his creators, he has
considered and presented their benefits so that he can help human to achieve
the main purpose of their creation showing the right way of living and human
can achieve desired perfection using their talents and abilities.
is no question that whatever is determined in the Islam is from sagacious God
for a logical and specific purpose and whatever is arranged and compiled is
according to advisability because whatever involves disadvantages is not asked
human by God because it is against the wisdom and the purpose of creation.
is considered as rules in the Islam has advisability. Even when two rules are in
contrast with each other, advisability is considered. For example, when a
person is obliged to fulfill two different actions, saving the life of a person
and preserving the wealth of the person, if there is a dilemma in saving the
life of a person and preserving his wealth, saving his life will be prior to
preserving his wealth according to the advisability of practical wisdom.
attention to this point is important and necessary that exalted God allows mind
as an interpretation source to recognize the advantages and the disadvantages
of actions and rules and understands whether actions are good or vulgar and the
religion issues a rule in relation to giving up an action and doing an action
as well. Of course, exalted God determines whether a rule is wajib or haram and
issues a rule in line with the ability of mind for recognizing it.
has been said that Quran and Hadith should discover the order of sagacious
master. Of course, because this is a specialized matter, it should be explained
in detail in an appropriate time, but it should be referred that paying
attention to this point helps to solve most of jurisprudence problems. This
important conclusion can be gained that prohibitions and obligations in the
Islam are based on advisability and wisdom. Hence, since a rule is beyond the
mind of human, it should not be hesitated and denied. Of course, we should look
for reasons for matters that are deduced from Quran and Hadiths so that there
are reasons for each rule. However, a person that has no familiarity with sources
of deducing religious rules cannot express any ideas about them and if an
expert has a scientific hypothesis, he should debate and discuss with
specialists so that he gets familiar with the faults of the scientific doubts
and surveys and studies it in a specialized way.
exalted God has not created human for nothing but according to a purpose and
wisdom and has granted human whatever they need and has presented them the ways
of fostering talents with hidden reasons (wisdom) and external reasons (the
prophet and Imams (peace be upon them) along with the source of divine messages
(Quran) so that persons can pass the path of perfection decently. Hence, to
achieve destination, prohibitions and obligations that are same Sharia and the
path and the rules of God should be determined so that persons do not go awry
and do not be deprived of perfection being ignorant toward the path and the
has been referred as the advisability of the rules of God can be useful in
order to clarify the rules and the regulations of God because God does not
consider things that are not in the favor of persons as obligations and
recommends them to do good actions and prevents them from doing bad actions.
Hence, some persons hesitate about the basis of the religion and some religious
rules because of not paying attention to this regulation whereas the Sharia of
the Islam is the same complete rules for the happiness of human in all aspects
of the life. If persons pay attention to its social and personal aspects and
implement them in the life practically, they will benefit from peace and safety
and it will promote belief in God, piety, values, wisdom and spirituality for
the society of human.
The religion of Islam is an easy Sharia and do not have any
disadvantages and harms for human. Moreover, it has no difficulty for persons
and follows the benefits of the world and afterlife for them and pure
intentions can strengthen the religion and it will be accepted with the norm of
belief in God as Quran states
''انّما یتقبل الله من المتقین''